Bisphosphonates are chemical analogs of isoprene lipids, which competitively decrease the activity of farnesyl diphosphate synthase in osteoclasts and thus retard prenylation. The non-prenylated small GTPases cannot attach to the membrane of osteoclasts, which decreases their resorptive function and accelerates apoptosis. Strontium ranelate activates the Wnt signal pathway (with participation of calcium-sensitive receptor), increases the replication activity (by changing the function of RANKL/RANK/OPG system) thus suppressing the apoptosis of osteoblasts, and retards the resorptive function by accelerating the apoptosis of osteoclasts.
|Number of pages||24|
|Journal||Eksperimental'naya i Klinicheskaya Farmakologiya|
|Publication status||Published - 2014|
- Strontium ranelate
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