Modification of the structure of surface layers of commercial titanium in the process of treatment by low-energy high-current electron beams

A. V. Panin, M. S. Kazachenok, Oxana Mikhaylovna Borodovitsina, O. B. Perevalova, O. M. Stepanova, Yury Fedorovich Ivanov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Methods of optical, atomic-force, and transmission and scanning electron microscopy, as well as X-ray diffraction analysis have been used to study the effect of electron-beam treatment on the surface morphology and structure of titanium of grade VT1-0. It has been shown that irradiation by three electron pulses with an energy density in the beam of W = 12–24 J/cm2 and a pulse duration of 50 μs leads to the formation of VT1-0 samples of a multilayer structure in the surface layers that consist of fine particles of the α phase, which have a subgrain structure, and of the underlying coarse grains, which contain α’ martensitic phase. The influence of the density of energy of the electron beam on the hardness and the magnitude of microand macrostresses that develop in the modified surface layer has been demonstrated. The results of calculating the thermal fields that appear in the process of treatment by electron beam are presented.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)550-561
Number of pages12
JournalPhysics of Metals and Metallography
Volume117
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2016

Fingerprint

Titanium
high current
Electron beams
surface layers
titanium
electron beams
Surface structure
X ray diffraction analysis
laminates
Surface morphology
energy
grade
Multilayers
pulse duration
hardness
flux density
Hardness
Irradiation
Transmission electron microscopy
transmission electron microscopy

Keywords

  • commercial titanium
  • microstructure
  • pulsed electron beam
  • surface morphology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

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title = "Modification of the structure of surface layers of commercial titanium in the process of treatment by low-energy high-current electron beams",
abstract = "Methods of optical, atomic-force, and transmission and scanning electron microscopy, as well as X-ray diffraction analysis have been used to study the effect of electron-beam treatment on the surface morphology and structure of titanium of grade VT1-0. It has been shown that irradiation by three electron pulses with an energy density in the beam of W = 12–24 J/cm2 and a pulse duration of 50 μs leads to the formation of VT1-0 samples of a multilayer structure in the surface layers that consist of fine particles of the α phase, which have a subgrain structure, and of the underlying coarse grains, which contain α’ martensitic phase. The influence of the density of energy of the electron beam on the hardness and the magnitude of microand macrostresses that develop in the modified surface layer has been demonstrated. The results of calculating the thermal fields that appear in the process of treatment by electron beam are presented.",
keywords = "commercial titanium, microstructure, pulsed electron beam, surface morphology",
author = "Panin, {A. V.} and Kazachenok, {M. S.} and Borodovitsina, {Oxana Mikhaylovna} and Perevalova, {O. B.} and Stepanova, {O. M.} and Ivanov, {Yury Fedorovich}",
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T1 - Modification of the structure of surface layers of commercial titanium in the process of treatment by low-energy high-current electron beams

AU - Panin, A. V.

AU - Kazachenok, M. S.

AU - Borodovitsina, Oxana Mikhaylovna

AU - Perevalova, O. B.

AU - Stepanova, O. M.

AU - Ivanov, Yury Fedorovich

PY - 2016/6/1

Y1 - 2016/6/1

N2 - Methods of optical, atomic-force, and transmission and scanning electron microscopy, as well as X-ray diffraction analysis have been used to study the effect of electron-beam treatment on the surface morphology and structure of titanium of grade VT1-0. It has been shown that irradiation by three electron pulses with an energy density in the beam of W = 12–24 J/cm2 and a pulse duration of 50 μs leads to the formation of VT1-0 samples of a multilayer structure in the surface layers that consist of fine particles of the α phase, which have a subgrain structure, and of the underlying coarse grains, which contain α’ martensitic phase. The influence of the density of energy of the electron beam on the hardness and the magnitude of microand macrostresses that develop in the modified surface layer has been demonstrated. The results of calculating the thermal fields that appear in the process of treatment by electron beam are presented.

AB - Methods of optical, atomic-force, and transmission and scanning electron microscopy, as well as X-ray diffraction analysis have been used to study the effect of electron-beam treatment on the surface morphology and structure of titanium of grade VT1-0. It has been shown that irradiation by three electron pulses with an energy density in the beam of W = 12–24 J/cm2 and a pulse duration of 50 μs leads to the formation of VT1-0 samples of a multilayer structure in the surface layers that consist of fine particles of the α phase, which have a subgrain structure, and of the underlying coarse grains, which contain α’ martensitic phase. The influence of the density of energy of the electron beam on the hardness and the magnitude of microand macrostresses that develop in the modified surface layer has been demonstrated. The results of calculating the thermal fields that appear in the process of treatment by electron beam are presented.

KW - commercial titanium

KW - microstructure

KW - pulsed electron beam

KW - surface morphology

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