Modification of metallic materials and hard coatings using metal ion implantation

Yurii P. Sharkeen, Boris P. Gritsenko, Sergei V. Fortuna, Anthony J. Perry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Citations (Scopus)


Ion implantation, with doses in the range 1016 to 1018 ion cm-2, modifies the surface properties of many metallic and ceramic materials. Whilst gas ion beams are currently employed extensively, metal ion implantation (Mil) systems have been developed based on the vacuum metal arc and a brief review of these systems is presented. Examples of industrial applications are given using, primarily, Mo ions which harden the surface of steel, increase its corrosion resistance and lower the coefficient of friction of the alloyed (or implanted) zone, IZ. Extending well beyond this zone, a dislocation network is developed which hardens the material in depth. Termed the long-range effect, this occurs in alloys and in low ductility materials such as TiN. Microstructural studies of TiN coatings after Mil are presented together with a model for the development of this effect. The results show that the stress field in TiN made by PVD is modified by implantation but no effect on the grain structure is found, whereas in TiN made by CVD the residual stress is not changed but growth of fine grains within the original grain structure is observed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)247-254
Number of pages8
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1999
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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