Modification of 40X13 steel at high-intensity nitrogen ion implantation

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4 Citations (Scopus)


This paper presents the results of the formation of deep modified layers in 40X13 steel using a high-intensity repetitively pulsed nitrogen ion beam with a current density up to 0.25 A/cm2. An arc generator with a hot cathode provided the DC nitrogen plasma flow. A plasma immersion approach was used for high-frequency, short-pulse very intense nitrogen ion beam formation. A grid hemisphere with radii of 7.5 cm was immersed in the plasma. Negative bias pulses with an amplitude of 1.2 kV, a pulse duration of 4 μs, and a pulse repetition rate of 105 pulses per second were applied to the grid. The substrates were implanted at the temperature of 500 °C and various processing times ranging from 20 to 120 minutes with 1.2 keV nitrogen ions using a very-high current density up to 0.25 A/cm2 ion beams. The work explores the surface morphology, elemental composition, and mechanical properties of deep-layer modified 40X13 steel after low ion energy, very-high-intensity nitrogen ion beam implantation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number032053
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 27 Nov 2018
Event6th International Congress on Energy Fluxes and Radiation Effects 2018, EFRE 2018 - Tomsk, Russian Federation
Duration: 16 Sep 201822 Sep 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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