Minimum temperatures for sustainable ignition of coal water slurry containing petrochemicals

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34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper presents the conditions and characteristics of the sustainable ignition of coal water slurry (CWS) containing petrochemicals in the air flow. This study may be useful to expand the raw material base for the power industry and the effective recycling of low-grade wastes from coal and oil processing. We use an experimental setup to investigate the ignition of slurry droplets with the radius from 0.5 mm to 1.5 mm when heating in the air flow with the temperature of 500-900 K and rate of 0.5-5 m/s. The present paper also studies necessary and sufficient conditions for the ignition of the different slurry compositions. We reveal the minimum ignition temperatures of slurry droplets in air flow. In addition, we show that these temperatures can be significantly less than the temperatures in combustion chambers of power plants (as a rule, higher than 900 K). Furthermore, we determine the times of ignition delay and complete combustion for slurry droplets, as well as the influence of the air flow temperature and rate, droplet sizes, and slurry composition on these times. Research results show that combustion initiation conditions and characteristics of fuel compositions can vary within wide ranges. This effect contributes to using CWS containing petrochemicals in power engineering, chemical, petrochemical, and transportation industries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)534-546
Number of pages13
JournalApplied Thermal Engineering
Volume96
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Mar 2016

Fingerprint

Petrochemicals
Ignition
Coal
Water
Air
Temperature
Chemical analysis
Chemical engineering
Combustion chambers
Recycling
Industry
Raw materials
Power plants
Heating
Processing

Keywords

  • Coal water slurry containing petrochemicals
  • Droplet
  • Heated air flow
  • Minimum ignition conditions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Cite this

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title = "Minimum temperatures for sustainable ignition of coal water slurry containing petrochemicals",
abstract = "This paper presents the conditions and characteristics of the sustainable ignition of coal water slurry (CWS) containing petrochemicals in the air flow. This study may be useful to expand the raw material base for the power industry and the effective recycling of low-grade wastes from coal and oil processing. We use an experimental setup to investigate the ignition of slurry droplets with the radius from 0.5 mm to 1.5 mm when heating in the air flow with the temperature of 500-900 K and rate of 0.5-5 m/s. The present paper also studies necessary and sufficient conditions for the ignition of the different slurry compositions. We reveal the minimum ignition temperatures of slurry droplets in air flow. In addition, we show that these temperatures can be significantly less than the temperatures in combustion chambers of power plants (as a rule, higher than 900 K). Furthermore, we determine the times of ignition delay and complete combustion for slurry droplets, as well as the influence of the air flow temperature and rate, droplet sizes, and slurry composition on these times. Research results show that combustion initiation conditions and characteristics of fuel compositions can vary within wide ranges. This effect contributes to using CWS containing petrochemicals in power engineering, chemical, petrochemical, and transportation industries.",
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AB - This paper presents the conditions and characteristics of the sustainable ignition of coal water slurry (CWS) containing petrochemicals in the air flow. This study may be useful to expand the raw material base for the power industry and the effective recycling of low-grade wastes from coal and oil processing. We use an experimental setup to investigate the ignition of slurry droplets with the radius from 0.5 mm to 1.5 mm when heating in the air flow with the temperature of 500-900 K and rate of 0.5-5 m/s. The present paper also studies necessary and sufficient conditions for the ignition of the different slurry compositions. We reveal the minimum ignition temperatures of slurry droplets in air flow. In addition, we show that these temperatures can be significantly less than the temperatures in combustion chambers of power plants (as a rule, higher than 900 K). Furthermore, we determine the times of ignition delay and complete combustion for slurry droplets, as well as the influence of the air flow temperature and rate, droplet sizes, and slurry composition on these times. Research results show that combustion initiation conditions and characteristics of fuel compositions can vary within wide ranges. This effect contributes to using CWS containing petrochemicals in power engineering, chemical, petrochemical, and transportation industries.

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