MHD natural convection in an inclined square porous cavity with a heat conducting solid block

C. Sivaraj, M. A. Sheremet

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This paper deals with natural convection in an inclined porous cavity with a heat conducting solid body placed at its center under the influence of the applied magnetic field of different orientations. The left and right vertical walls of the cavity are maintained at different temperatures Th and Tc, respectively, while the horizontal walls are adiabatic. The governing coupled partial differential equations were solved using a finite volume method on a uniformly staggered grid system. The effects of the inclination angles of the magnetic field and cavity and the Hartmann number on the flow and thermal fields are investigated in detail. Numerical results are presented in terms of isotherms, streamlines and average Nusselt numbers. In general, the results indicate that the inclusion of the magnetic field reduces the convective heat transfer rate in the cavity. It is also found that an increase in the angle of the applied magnetic field produces a non-linear variation in the average Nusselt numbers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)351-360
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials
Publication statusPublished - 15 Mar 2017



  • Finite volume method
  • Inclined porous cavity
  • MHD free convection
  • Numerical simulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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