Methods of estimating surface settlement during the driving of tunnels are described. A combination of empirical, analytical, and numerical methods makes it possible to predict the dimensions of a settlement basin. In the course of solving the inverse modeling problem, parameters of the model are established and forecasting charts of maximum surface settlement are compiled.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Water Science and Technology
- Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
- Ocean Engineering
- Soil Science