Method of searching for neutron clusters

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3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A new method of searching for neutron clusters (multineutrons) composed of neutrons bound by nuclear forces has been introduced and implemented. The method is based on the search for daughter nuclei that emerge at the nuclei cluster decay of 252Cf to neutron clusters. The effect of long-time build-up of daughter nuclei with a high atomic number and long half-life was utilized. The results are interpreted as evidence of the cluster decay of 252Cf to daughter nucleus 232U (half-life of T1/2= 68.9 years). The emergence of 232U is attributed to emission of neutron clusters consisting of eight neutrons - octaneutrons. The emission probability of octaneutrons against α-decay probability of 252Cf is defined equal to λCα=1.74×10 -6.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)73-78
Number of pages6
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Volume760
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2014

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Neutrons
neutrons
nuclei
half life
decay

Keywords

  • Cluster decay of nucleus
  • Daughter nucleus
  • Emission probability of octaneutron
  • High pure germanium detector
  • Neutron cluster
  • Spectrum of γ-quanta

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Instrumentation

Cite this

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title = "Method of searching for neutron clusters",
abstract = "A new method of searching for neutron clusters (multineutrons) composed of neutrons bound by nuclear forces has been introduced and implemented. The method is based on the search for daughter nuclei that emerge at the nuclei cluster decay of 252Cf to neutron clusters. The effect of long-time build-up of daughter nuclei with a high atomic number and long half-life was utilized. The results are interpreted as evidence of the cluster decay of 252Cf to daughter nucleus 232U (half-life of T1/2= 68.9 years). The emergence of 232U is attributed to emission of neutron clusters consisting of eight neutrons - octaneutrons. The emission probability of octaneutrons against α-decay probability of 252Cf is defined equal to λC/λα=1.74×10 -6.",
keywords = "Cluster decay of nucleus, Daughter nucleus, Emission probability of octaneutron, High pure germanium detector, Neutron cluster, Spectrum of γ-quanta",
author = "Dudkin, {G. N.} and Garapatskii, {A. A.} and Padalko, {V. N.}",
year = "2014",
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doi = "10.1016/j.nima.2014.05.064",
language = "English",
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pages = "73--78",
journal = "Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment",
issn = "0168-9002",
publisher = "Elsevier",

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Method of searching for neutron clusters

AU - Dudkin, G. N.

AU - Garapatskii, A. A.

AU - Padalko, V. N.

PY - 2014/10/1

Y1 - 2014/10/1

N2 - A new method of searching for neutron clusters (multineutrons) composed of neutrons bound by nuclear forces has been introduced and implemented. The method is based on the search for daughter nuclei that emerge at the nuclei cluster decay of 252Cf to neutron clusters. The effect of long-time build-up of daughter nuclei with a high atomic number and long half-life was utilized. The results are interpreted as evidence of the cluster decay of 252Cf to daughter nucleus 232U (half-life of T1/2= 68.9 years). The emergence of 232U is attributed to emission of neutron clusters consisting of eight neutrons - octaneutrons. The emission probability of octaneutrons against α-decay probability of 252Cf is defined equal to λC/λα=1.74×10 -6.

AB - A new method of searching for neutron clusters (multineutrons) composed of neutrons bound by nuclear forces has been introduced and implemented. The method is based on the search for daughter nuclei that emerge at the nuclei cluster decay of 252Cf to neutron clusters. The effect of long-time build-up of daughter nuclei with a high atomic number and long half-life was utilized. The results are interpreted as evidence of the cluster decay of 252Cf to daughter nucleus 232U (half-life of T1/2= 68.9 years). The emergence of 232U is attributed to emission of neutron clusters consisting of eight neutrons - octaneutrons. The emission probability of octaneutrons against α-decay probability of 252Cf is defined equal to λC/λα=1.74×10 -6.

KW - Cluster decay of nucleus

KW - Daughter nucleus

KW - Emission probability of octaneutron

KW - High pure germanium detector

KW - Neutron cluster

KW - Spectrum of γ-quanta

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JO - Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment

JF - Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment

SN - 0168-9002

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