Metal-organic frameworks containing N-heterocyclic carbenes and their precursors

Chizoba I. Ezugwu, Nawsad Alam Kabir, Mekhman Yusubov, Francis Walter Cornelius Verpoort

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

71 Citations (Scopus)


Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are coordination networks formed by self-assembly of metal ions or clusters and organic linkers. The functionalities and versatilities of MOF materials are enhanced by designing the frameworks with linkers, which have extra active functional groups that can be modified presynthetically, in situ, or postsynthetically. The carbenic carbon in N-heterocyclic carbenes enhances the potential of MOFs synthesized from azolium-containing linkers. In this review, we provide a survey and discussion of N-heterocyclic carbene precursor-containing MOFs and their various applications. This review will guide researchers and synthetic chemists attempting to design MOFs from N-heterocyclic carbene precursors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)188-210
Number of pages23
JournalCoordination Chemistry Reviews
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jan 2016


  • Azolium-containing ligands
  • MOFs
  • NHC precursors
  • Postsynthetic modification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

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