Mechanisms of nanoscale structure formation during electron beam treatment of silumin

V. D. Sarychev, Y. F. Ivanov, S. A. Nevskii, Y. S. Serenkov, E. A. Vysotskaya, V. E. Gromov

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Abstract

The effect of low-energy high-current electron beams on the structure of silumin has been studied. It has been found that the electron beam treatment leads to the formation of a heterogeneous multi-layer structure in the material. A columnar crystallization structure has been observed in the surface layer. The transverse dimensions of the columns are between 400 and 600 nm, whereas the second phase interlayer dimensions are between 80 and 100 nm. The transverse dimensions of the columns at a depth of 80 to 100 μm are 1.0-1.2 μm. The cause of the columnar structure is the thermoconcentration-capillary instability, which leads to the formation of vortices and the displacement of the second phase particles to the columnar boundaries. The considerable thickness of the columnar crystallization layer is caused by the fact that silicon and other alloying elements influence the dependence of liquid aluminum surface tension on temperature by introducing nonlinearity. As a result, there is an effect of the "thermal drill", i.e. the formation of vortices. The formed vortices stir the melt throughout the depth, and the downward flow of the liquid moves to the center of the bath at the cooling stage, which is manifested in an increase in the thickness of the columnar crystallization layer. It manifests itself in an increase in the thickness of the columnar crystallization layer. At depths over 100 μm, the fracture of silicon particles is observed as a result of differences in the elastic moduli and linear expansion coefficients of the aluminum matrix and the silicon plate.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012061
JournalIOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering
Volume447
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Nov 2018
EventOpen School-Conference of NIS Countries on Ultrafine Grained and Nanostructured Materials 2018, UFGNM 2018 - Ufa, Bashkortostan Republic, Russian Federation
Duration: 1 Oct 20185 Oct 2018

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)

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