Mechanism of electron current suppression in self-magnetically-insulated ion diode

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The process of pulsed ion beam generation at a gigawatt output power level by a diode with an explosive-emission potential electrode operating in a self-magnetic-insulation regime has been studied. It is shown that a plasma is effectively formed in the diode and the condition of magnetic cutoff of electrons is satisfied along the entire diode length during ion beam generation. However, because of a high drift velocity, the residence time of electrons and protons in the anode-cathode gap is the same, 3-5 ns, while that for C + carbon ions is greater than 8 ns. This is indicative of a low efficiency of self-magnetic insulation in the given diode. At the same time, it is experimentally established that, during generation of the ion current, the electron component of the total current in stripe diodes of both planar and focusing geometry is suppressed by a factor of 1.5-2. A new mechanism of electron emission suppression is proposed that explains the observed decrease in the electron component of the total current in self-magnetically-insulated ion diodes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)140-143
Number of pages4
JournalTechnical Physics Letters
Volume38
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2012

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diodes
retarding
ions
electrons
insulation
ion beams
electron emission
ion currents
anodes
cut-off
cathodes
electrodes
protons
output
carbon
geometry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Mechanism of electron current suppression in self-magnetically-insulated ion diode. / Pushkarev, A. I.; Isakova, Yu I.

In: Technical Physics Letters, Vol. 38, No. 2, 01.02.2012, p. 140-143.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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