Measurement of the Mass Difference between Neutral Charm-Meson Eigenstates

(LHCb Collaboration), Alexander Rudolfovich Wagner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

We report a measurement of the mass difference between neutral charm-meson eigenstates using a novel approach that enhances sensitivity to this parameter. We use 2.3×106 D0→KS0π+π- decays reconstructed in proton-proton collisions collected by the LHCb experiment in 2011 and 2012. Allowing for CP violation in mixing and in the interference between mixing and decay, we measure the CP-averaged normalized mass difference xCP=[2.7±1.6(stat)±0.4(syst)]×10-3 and the CP-violating parameter Δx=[-0.53±0.70(stat)±0.22(syst)]×10-3. The results are consistent with CP symmetry. These determinations are the most precise from a single experiment and, combined with current world-average results, yield the first evidence that the masses of the neutral charm-meson eigenstates differ.

Original languageEnglish
Article number231802
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume122
Issue number23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Jun 2019

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eigenvectors
mesons
protons
decay
CP violation
interference
collisions
sensitivity
symmetry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Measurement of the Mass Difference between Neutral Charm-Meson Eigenstates. / (LHCb Collaboration) ; Wagner, Alexander Rudolfovich.

In: Physical Review Letters, Vol. 122, No. 23, 231802, 14.06.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "We report a measurement of the mass difference between neutral charm-meson eigenstates using a novel approach that enhances sensitivity to this parameter. We use 2.3×106 D0→KS0π+π- decays reconstructed in proton-proton collisions collected by the LHCb experiment in 2011 and 2012. Allowing for CP violation in mixing and in the interference between mixing and decay, we measure the CP-averaged normalized mass difference xCP=[2.7±1.6(stat)±0.4(syst)]×10-3 and the CP-violating parameter Δx=[-0.53±0.70(stat)±0.22(syst)]×10-3. The results are consistent with CP symmetry. These determinations are the most precise from a single experiment and, combined with current world-average results, yield the first evidence that the masses of the neutral charm-meson eigenstates differ.",
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N2 - We report a measurement of the mass difference between neutral charm-meson eigenstates using a novel approach that enhances sensitivity to this parameter. We use 2.3×106 D0→KS0π+π- decays reconstructed in proton-proton collisions collected by the LHCb experiment in 2011 and 2012. Allowing for CP violation in mixing and in the interference between mixing and decay, we measure the CP-averaged normalized mass difference xCP=[2.7±1.6(stat)±0.4(syst)]×10-3 and the CP-violating parameter Δx=[-0.53±0.70(stat)±0.22(syst)]×10-3. The results are consistent with CP symmetry. These determinations are the most precise from a single experiment and, combined with current world-average results, yield the first evidence that the masses of the neutral charm-meson eigenstates differ.

AB - We report a measurement of the mass difference between neutral charm-meson eigenstates using a novel approach that enhances sensitivity to this parameter. We use 2.3×106 D0→KS0π+π- decays reconstructed in proton-proton collisions collected by the LHCb experiment in 2011 and 2012. Allowing for CP violation in mixing and in the interference between mixing and decay, we measure the CP-averaged normalized mass difference xCP=[2.7±1.6(stat)±0.4(syst)]×10-3 and the CP-violating parameter Δx=[-0.53±0.70(stat)±0.22(syst)]×10-3. The results are consistent with CP symmetry. These determinations are the most precise from a single experiment and, combined with current world-average results, yield the first evidence that the masses of the neutral charm-meson eigenstates differ.

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