Measurement of the cross section for the reaction d + d → 3He + n at ultralow collision energies by the Z-pinch technique

T. L. Bulgakov, Vit M. Bystritskii, Viach M. Bystritsky, S. A. Chaikovsky, M. Filipowicz, V. M. Grebenyuk, A. Guła, A. V. Luchinsky, V. I. Makhrin, G. A. Mesyats, S. S. Parzhitski, N. A. Ratakhin, B. M. Sabirov, A. A. Sinebryukhov, V. A. Sinebryukhov, S. A. Sorokin, V. A. Stolupin, J. Woźniak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The cross section was measured for the reaction d + d → 3He + n induced by incident deuterons with a mean energy of about 440 eV. The intense deuteron beam employed in this experiment was generated during the implosion of a liner. The experiment was performed at the high-current accelerator of the Institute of High-Current Electronics (Tomsk). The maximum current, voltage, and current-saturation time of the accelerator were 750 kA, 700 kV, and 60 ns, respectively. A two-jet gas liner involving 17% D2 and 83% N2 was used (the inner jet served as a target). Neutrons emitted in deuteron-deuteron collisions were detected by scintillation spectrometers according to the time of flight and by BF3 thermal-neutron detectors encased in a polyethylene moderator. From a preliminary analysis of experimental data, it was found that the upper limit on the cross section for the reaction d + d → 3He + n is 2 × 10-34 cm2 (at a confidence level of 90%).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1217-1219
Number of pages3
JournalPhysics of Atomic Nuclei
Volume60
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 1997
Externally publishedYes

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deuterons
collisions
cross sections
linings
high current
accelerators
moderators
gas jets
neutron counters
energy
implosions
thermal neutrons
scintillation
polyethylenes
confidence
spectrometers
saturation
neutrons
electric potential
electronics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Cite this

Bulgakov, T. L., Bystritskii, V. M., Bystritsky, V. M., Chaikovsky, S. A., Filipowicz, M., Grebenyuk, V. M., ... Woźniak, J. (1997). Measurement of the cross section for the reaction d + d → 3He + n at ultralow collision energies by the Z-pinch technique. Physics of Atomic Nuclei, 60(8), 1217-1219.

Measurement of the cross section for the reaction d + d → 3He + n at ultralow collision energies by the Z-pinch technique. / Bulgakov, T. L.; Bystritskii, Vit M.; Bystritsky, Viach M.; Chaikovsky, S. A.; Filipowicz, M.; Grebenyuk, V. M.; Guła, A.; Luchinsky, A. V.; Makhrin, V. I.; Mesyats, G. A.; Parzhitski, S. S.; Ratakhin, N. A.; Sabirov, B. M.; Sinebryukhov, A. A.; Sinebryukhov, V. A.; Sorokin, S. A.; Stolupin, V. A.; Woźniak, J.

In: Physics of Atomic Nuclei, Vol. 60, No. 8, 01.08.1997, p. 1217-1219.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bulgakov, TL, Bystritskii, VM, Bystritsky, VM, Chaikovsky, SA, Filipowicz, M, Grebenyuk, VM, Guła, A, Luchinsky, AV, Makhrin, VI, Mesyats, GA, Parzhitski, SS, Ratakhin, NA, Sabirov, BM, Sinebryukhov, AA, Sinebryukhov, VA, Sorokin, SA, Stolupin, VA & Woźniak, J 1997, 'Measurement of the cross section for the reaction d + d → 3He + n at ultralow collision energies by the Z-pinch technique', Physics of Atomic Nuclei, vol. 60, no. 8, pp. 1217-1219.
Bulgakov TL, Bystritskii VM, Bystritsky VM, Chaikovsky SA, Filipowicz M, Grebenyuk VM et al. Measurement of the cross section for the reaction d + d → 3He + n at ultralow collision energies by the Z-pinch technique. Physics of Atomic Nuclei. 1997 Aug 1;60(8):1217-1219.
Bulgakov, T. L. ; Bystritskii, Vit M. ; Bystritsky, Viach M. ; Chaikovsky, S. A. ; Filipowicz, M. ; Grebenyuk, V. M. ; Guła, A. ; Luchinsky, A. V. ; Makhrin, V. I. ; Mesyats, G. A. ; Parzhitski, S. S. ; Ratakhin, N. A. ; Sabirov, B. M. ; Sinebryukhov, A. A. ; Sinebryukhov, V. A. ; Sorokin, S. A. ; Stolupin, V. A. ; Woźniak, J. / Measurement of the cross section for the reaction d + d → 3He + n at ultralow collision energies by the Z-pinch technique. In: Physics of Atomic Nuclei. 1997 ; Vol. 60, No. 8. pp. 1217-1219.
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N2 - The cross section was measured for the reaction d + d → 3He + n induced by incident deuterons with a mean energy of about 440 eV. The intense deuteron beam employed in this experiment was generated during the implosion of a liner. The experiment was performed at the high-current accelerator of the Institute of High-Current Electronics (Tomsk). The maximum current, voltage, and current-saturation time of the accelerator were 750 kA, 700 kV, and 60 ns, respectively. A two-jet gas liner involving 17% D2 and 83% N2 was used (the inner jet served as a target). Neutrons emitted in deuteron-deuteron collisions were detected by scintillation spectrometers according to the time of flight and by BF3 thermal-neutron detectors encased in a polyethylene moderator. From a preliminary analysis of experimental data, it was found that the upper limit on the cross section for the reaction d + d → 3He + n is 2 × 10-34 cm2 (at a confidence level of 90%).

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