The production of B+, B0 and Λb0 hadrons is studied in proton-lead collisions at a center-of-mass energy per nucleon pair of sNN=8.16 TeV recorded with the LHCb detector at the LHC. The measurement uses a dataset corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 12.2±0.3 nb-1 for the case where the proton beam is projected into the LHCb detector (corresponding to measuring hadron production at positive rapidity) and 18.6±0.5 nb-1 for the lead beam projected into the LHCb detector (corresponding to measuring hadron production at negative rapidity). Double-differential cross sections are measured and used to determine forward-backward ratios and nuclear modification factors, which directly probe nuclear effects in the production of beauty hadrons. The double-differential cross sections are measured as a function of the beauty-hadron transverse momentum and rapidity in the nucleon-nucleon center-of-mass frame. Forward-to-backward cross section ratios and nuclear modification factors indicate a significant nuclear suppression at positive rapidity. The ratio of Λb0 over B0 production cross sections is reported and is consistent with the corresponding measurement in pp collisions.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)