Mathematical Simulation of the Heat and Mass Transfer in the Movement of Liquid Droplets in a Gas Medium Under the Conditions of their Intense Phase Transformations

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Abstract

A physical and mathematical model of the movement of a liquid droplet in a high-temperature air flow has been formulated with regard for the main factors of this movement: the inertia of the droplet, its viscous friction, the surface tension of the liquid in it, the air drag, the gravity, lift, and Magnus forces acting on the droplet, its turbophoresis and thermophoresis, the convective heat flows inside the droplet, the turbulence and compressibility of the carrying medium, the concentration of the dispersed phase in it, the nonstationarity of the movement of the droplet, its phase transformations, the collisions of the droplet with the neighboring liquid droplets in the gas flow, the partial fragmentation of the droplet, and its breakdown. Numerical and experimental investigations of the influence of the indicated factors on the velocity of movement, the heating, and the intensity of evaporation of a liquid droplet in a high-temperature gas medium have been performed. The results of these investigations were generalized for determining the possible applications of the model developed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1055-1076
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Engineering Physics and Thermophysics
Volume93
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2020

Keywords

  • gas medium
  • heat and mass transfer
  • high-temperature heating
  • liquid droplet
  • mathematical simulation
  • phase transformations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Engineering(all)

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