Magnetron formation of Ni/YSZ anodes of solid oxide fuel cells

A. A. Solov'Ev, N. S. Sochugov, Igor Vyacheslavovich Ionov, Anna Victorovna Shipilova, Anastasia Nikolaevna Kovalchuk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Physico-chemical and structural properties of nanocomposite NiO/ZrO 2:Y2O3 (NiO/YSZ) films applied using the reactive magnetron deposition technique are studied for application as anodes of solid oxide fuel cells. The effect of oxygen consumption and magnetron power on the discharge parameters is determined to find the optimum conditions of reactive deposition. The conditions for deposition of NiO/YSZ films, under which the deposition rate is maximum (12 μm/h), are found and the volume content of Ni is within the range of 40-50%. Ni-YSZ films reduced in a hydrogen atmosphere at the temperature of 800°C have a nanoporous structure. However, massive nickel agglomerates are formed in the course of reduction on the film surface; their amount grows at an increase in Ni content in the film. Solid oxide fuel cells with YSZ supporting electrolyte and a LaSrMnO3 cathode are manufactured to study electrochemical properties of NiO/YSZ films. It is shown that fuel cells with a nanocomposite NiO/YSZ anode applied using a magnetron sputtering technique have the maximum power density twice higher than in the case of fuel cells with an anode formed using the high-temperature sintering technique owing to a more developed gas-anode-electrolyte three-phase boundary.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)647-655
Number of pages9
JournalRussian Journal of Electrochemistry
Volume50
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014

Keywords

  • cermet
  • magnetron sputtering
  • Ni/YSZ anode
  • porous nanocomposite
  • solid oxide fuel cell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrochemistry

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