Luminescence performance of yttrium-stabilized zirconia ceramics doped with Eu3+ ions fabricated by Spark Plasma Sintering technique

S. Stepanov, O. Khasanov, E. Dvilis, V. Paygin, D. Valiev, M. Ferrari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Yttrium stabilized zirconia (YSZ) ceramics doped with Eu3+ ions have been successfully fabricated by Spark Plasma Sintering (SPS) technique. The influence of the europium concentration and post-annealing process on the structural, optical, and luminescent properties of the ceramics has been studied. It is shown that an increase in the europium concentration from 0.1 to 3 wt% does not lead to significant changes in the transmission spectra. However, annealing in air atmosphere at temperature from 700 °C to 1300 °C significantly affects the transmission spectrum, as a possible consequenceofthe formation of oxygen vacancy defects. The analysis of the photoexcitation and photoluminescence spectra showed that the main excitation bands are determined by direct excitation of the 7F0 ground state of Eu3+ions to the higher 4f energy levels with further radiation transitionsfrom these states. Moreover, the europium ion in the obtained ceramics occupy low-symmetry sites without inversion center.The luminescence decay kineticsare described by a doubleexponential function with decay time τ1 ~ 20 ns and τ2~ 90 ns for intrinsic emission centers and millisecond (τ ~ 1.4 ms) for Eu3+emission, for all investigated ceramics. The luminescence spectra in nanosecond time region are characteristic for yttrium-stabilized zirconia and are caused by oxygen vacancies in the presence of heavy cations (Y3+ and Eu3+).

Original languageEnglish
JournalCeramics International
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2020


  • Cathodoluminescence decay
  • Europium ions
  • Optical properties
  • Spark plasma sintering (SPS) technique
  • Time resolved photoluminescence spectroscopy
  • Yttrium-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) ceramics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry

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