Low-grade fuels of tomsk region: Prospects for energy use

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3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The relevance of the discussed issue is caused by the need to substitute the imported energy resources by local low-grade fuels in the re- gional fuel-energy balances. The main aim of the study is to determine thermal properties of local fuels in Tomsk region and evaluate their energy use viability. The methods used in the study. Thermotechnical characteristics of low-grade fuels were determined by standard methods GOST R 52911-2008, 11022-95 and 6382-2001. Calorific value and elemental composition were studied using a bomb calorimeter ABK-1 and Va- rio micro cube analyzer. The composition of the mineral ash was investigated in accordance with GOST 10538-87. To study the combu- stion efficiency of syngas produced by low temperature catalytic raw conversion the authors have applied the mathematical modeling. Three-dimensional cocurrent flows of syngas and air were considered with non-isothermal incompressible multicomponent gas model in order to describe combustion mathematically. For numerical simulation of chemical reactions under turbulent flow conditions the authors applied the proven Spalding's EBU-model. The pulsation (turbulent) flow characteristics were calculated using a widespread two-para- meter k-ϵ model. Calculation of radiation heat-exchange was produced by spherical harmonics approach in the first approximation. The results. The discussed low-grade fuels of Tomsk region in untreated form are not able to replace imported coal in regional energy balance, because of the high moisture and ash content values. The promising direction of lowerature fuel processing is a catalytic conversion, which allows receiving hydrogen-enriched syngas from the initial solid raw. Obtained syngas can be used effectively in the power industry to produce heat and electricity without expensive upgrades of gas equipment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)106-113
Number of pages8
JournalBulletin of the Tomsk Polytechnic University, Geo Assets Engineering
Volume326
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Fingerprint

energy use
Ashes
Energy balance
turbulent flow
Turbulent flow
energy balance
ash
combustion
Gases
Calorific value
three-dimensional flow
Coal
Heat radiation
spherical harmonics
Energy resources
energy resource
Calorimeters
Chemical analysis
gas
chemical reaction

Keywords

  • Energy use
  • Fuel-energy balance
  • Heat- technology recycling
  • Hermal engineering
  • Low-grade fuel
  • Mineral components
  • Thermotechnical characteristics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economic Geology
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Fuel Technology
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Materials Science (miscellaneous)

Cite this

@article{1407a599d6ea4f7aaf6a3b8444c08a26,
title = "Low-grade fuels of tomsk region: Prospects for energy use",
abstract = "The relevance of the discussed issue is caused by the need to substitute the imported energy resources by local low-grade fuels in the re- gional fuel-energy balances. The main aim of the study is to determine thermal properties of local fuels in Tomsk region and evaluate their energy use viability. The methods used in the study. Thermotechnical characteristics of low-grade fuels were determined by standard methods GOST R 52911-2008, 11022-95 and 6382-2001. Calorific value and elemental composition were studied using a bomb calorimeter ABK-1 and Va- rio micro cube analyzer. The composition of the mineral ash was investigated in accordance with GOST 10538-87. To study the combu- stion efficiency of syngas produced by low temperature catalytic raw conversion the authors have applied the mathematical modeling. Three-dimensional cocurrent flows of syngas and air were considered with non-isothermal incompressible multicomponent gas model in order to describe combustion mathematically. For numerical simulation of chemical reactions under turbulent flow conditions the authors applied the proven Spalding's EBU-model. The pulsation (turbulent) flow characteristics were calculated using a widespread two-para- meter k-ϵ model. Calculation of radiation heat-exchange was produced by spherical harmonics approach in the first approximation. The results. The discussed low-grade fuels of Tomsk region in untreated form are not able to replace imported coal in regional energy balance, because of the high moisture and ash content values. The promising direction of lowerature fuel processing is a catalytic conversion, which allows receiving hydrogen-enriched syngas from the initial solid raw. Obtained syngas can be used effectively in the power industry to produce heat and electricity without expensive upgrades of gas equipment.",
keywords = "Energy use, Fuel-energy balance, Heat- technology recycling, Hermal engineering, Low-grade fuel, Mineral components, Thermotechnical characteristics",
author = "Tabakaev, {Roman B.} and Khaustov, {Sergey A.} and Cherkashina, {Galina A.} and Kazakov, {Alexander V.}",
year = "2015",
language = "English",
volume = "326",
pages = "106--113",
journal = "Bulletin of the Tomsk Polytechnic University, Geo Assets Engineering",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Low-grade fuels of tomsk region

T2 - Prospects for energy use

AU - Tabakaev, Roman B.

AU - Khaustov, Sergey A.

AU - Cherkashina, Galina A.

AU - Kazakov, Alexander V.

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - The relevance of the discussed issue is caused by the need to substitute the imported energy resources by local low-grade fuels in the re- gional fuel-energy balances. The main aim of the study is to determine thermal properties of local fuels in Tomsk region and evaluate their energy use viability. The methods used in the study. Thermotechnical characteristics of low-grade fuels were determined by standard methods GOST R 52911-2008, 11022-95 and 6382-2001. Calorific value and elemental composition were studied using a bomb calorimeter ABK-1 and Va- rio micro cube analyzer. The composition of the mineral ash was investigated in accordance with GOST 10538-87. To study the combu- stion efficiency of syngas produced by low temperature catalytic raw conversion the authors have applied the mathematical modeling. Three-dimensional cocurrent flows of syngas and air were considered with non-isothermal incompressible multicomponent gas model in order to describe combustion mathematically. For numerical simulation of chemical reactions under turbulent flow conditions the authors applied the proven Spalding's EBU-model. The pulsation (turbulent) flow characteristics were calculated using a widespread two-para- meter k-ϵ model. Calculation of radiation heat-exchange was produced by spherical harmonics approach in the first approximation. The results. The discussed low-grade fuels of Tomsk region in untreated form are not able to replace imported coal in regional energy balance, because of the high moisture and ash content values. The promising direction of lowerature fuel processing is a catalytic conversion, which allows receiving hydrogen-enriched syngas from the initial solid raw. Obtained syngas can be used effectively in the power industry to produce heat and electricity without expensive upgrades of gas equipment.

AB - The relevance of the discussed issue is caused by the need to substitute the imported energy resources by local low-grade fuels in the re- gional fuel-energy balances. The main aim of the study is to determine thermal properties of local fuels in Tomsk region and evaluate their energy use viability. The methods used in the study. Thermotechnical characteristics of low-grade fuels were determined by standard methods GOST R 52911-2008, 11022-95 and 6382-2001. Calorific value and elemental composition were studied using a bomb calorimeter ABK-1 and Va- rio micro cube analyzer. The composition of the mineral ash was investigated in accordance with GOST 10538-87. To study the combu- stion efficiency of syngas produced by low temperature catalytic raw conversion the authors have applied the mathematical modeling. Three-dimensional cocurrent flows of syngas and air were considered with non-isothermal incompressible multicomponent gas model in order to describe combustion mathematically. For numerical simulation of chemical reactions under turbulent flow conditions the authors applied the proven Spalding's EBU-model. The pulsation (turbulent) flow characteristics were calculated using a widespread two-para- meter k-ϵ model. Calculation of radiation heat-exchange was produced by spherical harmonics approach in the first approximation. The results. The discussed low-grade fuels of Tomsk region in untreated form are not able to replace imported coal in regional energy balance, because of the high moisture and ash content values. The promising direction of lowerature fuel processing is a catalytic conversion, which allows receiving hydrogen-enriched syngas from the initial solid raw. Obtained syngas can be used effectively in the power industry to produce heat and electricity without expensive upgrades of gas equipment.

KW - Energy use

KW - Fuel-energy balance

KW - Heat- technology recycling

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KW - Mineral components

KW - Thermotechnical characteristics

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JO - Bulletin of the Tomsk Polytechnic University, Geo Assets Engineering

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SN - 2500-1019

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