The article considers formation of the linguo-cultural competence in the framework of the developed elective course “US Higher Education”. The created methodology for the competence formation is based on a set of principles (personality-oriented, cognitive-cultural orientation, culturally-correlated study of foreign and native languages, reliance on the native culture, productivity, principles of increasing the ratio of students’ independence, constructive cooperation of the university courses; principles of monotony and concentricity) and teaching methods (information-receptive, reproductive method of problematic presentation, heuristic and research methods), including a number of functional stages. Linguo-cultural competence is determined as a structural component of the sociocultural competence within the framework of the communicative competence of students in a language-oriented elective course. The article illustrates the use of the linguo-cultural field of the studied culture as a means of generalization and systematization of knowledge about a foreign culture for specification of the elective course content within the framework of the linguo-cultural approach. The specific content of student’s educational activity represents the linguo-cultural interpretation of the text, the task to which requires the students’ comprehension of the culturally-labeled lexical units.