Linear Transformer Drivers (LTD) for high voltage, high current rep-rated systems

M. G. Mazarakis, K. R. Lechien, W. E. Fowler, F. W. Long, M. K. Matzen, D. H. McDaniel, R. McKee, J. L. Porter, K. W. Struve, W. A. Stygar, J. R. Woodworth, A. A. Kim, V. A. Sinebryukhov, R. M. Gilgenbach, M. R. Gomez, D. M. French, Y. Y. Lau, J. Zier, P. E. Wakeland, K. S. Ward

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    4 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The Linear Transformer Driver (LTD) technology can provide very compact devices that deliver very fast high current and high voltage pulses. The output pulse rise time and width can be easily tailored to the specific application needs. Trains of large number of high current pulses can be produced with variable inter-pulse separation from nanoseconds to microseconds. Most importantly these devices can be rep-rated to frequencies only limited by the capacitor specifications that usually is 10Hz. To date we have completed the experimental evaluation of two (LTD I, LTD II) 500-kA cavities in both single and rep-rated modes. A larger 1-MA cavity was tested in a single shot mode and in a voltage adder configuration. The first built inductively isolated 1-MA LTD Voltage Adder (IVA) was composed of five cavity connected in series with a vacuum insulated transmission line. It was tested with both resistive and electron diode loads. The experimental results are in excellent agreement with numerical simulations. Experiments with a 1 TW Inductive Voltage Adder (IVA), which includes ten, 1-MA LTD cavities connected in series, are in preparation at Mykonos LTD Laboratory in Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM. This time around the Mykonos voltage adder will be built with a transmission line insulated with deionized water. In this experimental work we aim to test the advantages of water insulation as compared to self Magnetic Insulated Transmission Line transport (MITL). It is hoped that the vacuum sheath electron current losses will be avoided without any new difficulties caused by the deionized water. This voltage adder will be rep-rated at 6 shots per minute. In the present paper we briefly present the LTD cavity architecture, describe the two LTD cavity types built and experimentally tested in single and rep-rated modes and present the design of the first two-cavity water insulated voltage adder with a liquid salt solution resistive load. This is the first step towards the assembly of a ten-cavity voltage adder of which most of the components are already built and/or fully designed.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2010 IEEE International Power Modulator and High Voltage Conference, IPMHVC 2010
    Pages69-74
    Number of pages6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2010
    Event2010 IEEE International Power Modulator and High Voltage Conference, IPMHVC 2010 - Atlanta, GA, United States
    Duration: 23 May 201027 May 2010

    Other

    Other2010 IEEE International Power Modulator and High Voltage Conference, IPMHVC 2010
    CountryUnited States
    CityAtlanta, GA
    Period23.5.1027.5.10

    Fingerprint

    Adders
    Electric potential
    Electric lines
    Deionized water
    Vacuum
    Electrons
    Insulation
    Water
    Diodes
    Capacitors
    Salts
    Specifications
    Computer simulation
    Liquids

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
    • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

    Cite this

    Mazarakis, M. G., Lechien, K. R., Fowler, W. E., Long, F. W., Matzen, M. K., McDaniel, D. H., ... Ward, K. S. (2010). Linear Transformer Drivers (LTD) for high voltage, high current rep-rated systems. In Proceedings of the 2010 IEEE International Power Modulator and High Voltage Conference, IPMHVC 2010 (pp. 69-74). [5958297] https://doi.org/10.1109/IPMHVC.2010.5958297

    Linear Transformer Drivers (LTD) for high voltage, high current rep-rated systems. / Mazarakis, M. G.; Lechien, K. R.; Fowler, W. E.; Long, F. W.; Matzen, M. K.; McDaniel, D. H.; McKee, R.; Porter, J. L.; Struve, K. W.; Stygar, W. A.; Woodworth, J. R.; Kim, A. A.; Sinebryukhov, V. A.; Gilgenbach, R. M.; Gomez, M. R.; French, D. M.; Lau, Y. Y.; Zier, J.; Wakeland, P. E.; Ward, K. S.

    Proceedings of the 2010 IEEE International Power Modulator and High Voltage Conference, IPMHVC 2010. 2010. p. 69-74 5958297.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    Mazarakis, MG, Lechien, KR, Fowler, WE, Long, FW, Matzen, MK, McDaniel, DH, McKee, R, Porter, JL, Struve, KW, Stygar, WA, Woodworth, JR, Kim, AA, Sinebryukhov, VA, Gilgenbach, RM, Gomez, MR, French, DM, Lau, YY, Zier, J, Wakeland, PE & Ward, KS 2010, Linear Transformer Drivers (LTD) for high voltage, high current rep-rated systems. in Proceedings of the 2010 IEEE International Power Modulator and High Voltage Conference, IPMHVC 2010., 5958297, pp. 69-74, 2010 IEEE International Power Modulator and High Voltage Conference, IPMHVC 2010, Atlanta, GA, United States, 23.5.10. https://doi.org/10.1109/IPMHVC.2010.5958297
    Mazarakis MG, Lechien KR, Fowler WE, Long FW, Matzen MK, McDaniel DH et al. Linear Transformer Drivers (LTD) for high voltage, high current rep-rated systems. In Proceedings of the 2010 IEEE International Power Modulator and High Voltage Conference, IPMHVC 2010. 2010. p. 69-74. 5958297 https://doi.org/10.1109/IPMHVC.2010.5958297
    Mazarakis, M. G. ; Lechien, K. R. ; Fowler, W. E. ; Long, F. W. ; Matzen, M. K. ; McDaniel, D. H. ; McKee, R. ; Porter, J. L. ; Struve, K. W. ; Stygar, W. A. ; Woodworth, J. R. ; Kim, A. A. ; Sinebryukhov, V. A. ; Gilgenbach, R. M. ; Gomez, M. R. ; French, D. M. ; Lau, Y. Y. ; Zier, J. ; Wakeland, P. E. ; Ward, K. S. / Linear Transformer Drivers (LTD) for high voltage, high current rep-rated systems. Proceedings of the 2010 IEEE International Power Modulator and High Voltage Conference, IPMHVC 2010. 2010. pp. 69-74
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    AU - Matzen, M. K.

    AU - McDaniel, D. H.

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    AU - Struve, K. W.

    AU - Stygar, W. A.

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    AU - Kim, A. A.

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    AU - Gomez, M. R.

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