Linear Transformer Driver (LTD) development at Sandia National Laboratory

M. G. Mazarakis, S. Cordova, W. E. Fowler, K. L. LeChien, J. J. Leckbee, F. W. Long, M. K. Matzen, D. H. McDaniel, R. G. McKee, J. L. McKenney, B. V. Oliver, C. L. Olson, J. L. Porter, S. T. Rogowski, K. W. Struve, W. A. Stygar, J. W. Weed, J. R. Woodworth, A. A. Kim, V. A. Sinebryukhov & 9 others R. M. Gilgenbach, M. R. Gomez, D. M. French, Y. Y. Lau, J. Zier, D. L. Johnson, D. M. VanDevalde, R. A. Sharpe, K. Ward

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    13 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Most of the modern high-current high-voltage pulsed power generators require several stages of pulse conditioning (pulse forming) to convert the multimicrosecond pulses of the Marx generator output to the 40-300 ns pulse required by a number of applications including x-ray radiography, pulsed high current linear accelerators, Z-pinch, Isentropic Compression (ICE), and Inertial Fusion Energy (IFE) drivers. This makes the devices large, cumbersome to operate, and expensive. Sandia, in collaboration with a number of other institutions, is developing a new paradigm in pulsed power technology; the Linear Transformer Driver (LTD) technology. This technological approach can provide very compact devices that can deliver very fast high current and high voltage pulses. The output pulse rise time and width can be easily tailored to the specific application needs. Trains of a large number of high current pulses can be produced with variable inter-pulse separation from nanoseconds to milliseconds. Most importantly, these devices can be rep-rated to frequencies only limited by the capacitor specifications (usually is 10Hz). Their footprint as compared with current day pulsed power accelerators is considerably smaller since LTD do not require large oil and de-ionized water tanks. This makes them ideally fit for applications that require portability. In the present paper we present Sandia Laboratory's broad spectrum of developmental effort to design construct and extensively validate the LTD pulsed power technology.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationPPC2009 - 17th IEEE International Pulsed Power Conference
    Pages138-145
    Number of pages8
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2009
    Event17th IEEE International Pulsed Power Conference, PPC2009 - Washington, DC, United States
    Duration: 28 Jun 20092 Jul 2009

    Other

    Other17th IEEE International Pulsed Power Conference, PPC2009
    CountryUnited States
    CityWashington, DC
    Period28.6.092.7.09

    Fingerprint

    Water tanks
    Linear accelerators
    Radiography
    Electric potential
    Particle accelerators
    Capacitors
    Fusion reactions
    Specifications
    X rays
    Oils

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
    • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

    Cite this

    Mazarakis, M. G., Cordova, S., Fowler, W. E., LeChien, K. L., Leckbee, J. J., Long, F. W., ... Ward, K. (2009). Linear Transformer Driver (LTD) development at Sandia National Laboratory. In PPC2009 - 17th IEEE International Pulsed Power Conference (pp. 138-145). [5386187] https://doi.org/10.1109/PPC.2009.5386187

    Linear Transformer Driver (LTD) development at Sandia National Laboratory. / Mazarakis, M. G.; Cordova, S.; Fowler, W. E.; LeChien, K. L.; Leckbee, J. J.; Long, F. W.; Matzen, M. K.; McDaniel, D. H.; McKee, R. G.; McKenney, J. L.; Oliver, B. V.; Olson, C. L.; Porter, J. L.; Rogowski, S. T.; Struve, K. W.; Stygar, W. A.; Weed, J. W.; Woodworth, J. R.; Kim, A. A.; Sinebryukhov, V. A.; Gilgenbach, R. M.; Gomez, M. R.; French, D. M.; Lau, Y. Y.; Zier, J.; Johnson, D. L.; VanDevalde, D. M.; Sharpe, R. A.; Ward, K.

    PPC2009 - 17th IEEE International Pulsed Power Conference. 2009. p. 138-145 5386187.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    Mazarakis, MG, Cordova, S, Fowler, WE, LeChien, KL, Leckbee, JJ, Long, FW, Matzen, MK, McDaniel, DH, McKee, RG, McKenney, JL, Oliver, BV, Olson, CL, Porter, JL, Rogowski, ST, Struve, KW, Stygar, WA, Weed, JW, Woodworth, JR, Kim, AA, Sinebryukhov, VA, Gilgenbach, RM, Gomez, MR, French, DM, Lau, YY, Zier, J, Johnson, DL, VanDevalde, DM, Sharpe, RA & Ward, K 2009, Linear Transformer Driver (LTD) development at Sandia National Laboratory. in PPC2009 - 17th IEEE International Pulsed Power Conference., 5386187, pp. 138-145, 17th IEEE International Pulsed Power Conference, PPC2009, Washington, DC, United States, 28.6.09. https://doi.org/10.1109/PPC.2009.5386187
    Mazarakis MG, Cordova S, Fowler WE, LeChien KL, Leckbee JJ, Long FW et al. Linear Transformer Driver (LTD) development at Sandia National Laboratory. In PPC2009 - 17th IEEE International Pulsed Power Conference. 2009. p. 138-145. 5386187 https://doi.org/10.1109/PPC.2009.5386187
    Mazarakis, M. G. ; Cordova, S. ; Fowler, W. E. ; LeChien, K. L. ; Leckbee, J. J. ; Long, F. W. ; Matzen, M. K. ; McDaniel, D. H. ; McKee, R. G. ; McKenney, J. L. ; Oliver, B. V. ; Olson, C. L. ; Porter, J. L. ; Rogowski, S. T. ; Struve, K. W. ; Stygar, W. A. ; Weed, J. W. ; Woodworth, J. R. ; Kim, A. A. ; Sinebryukhov, V. A. ; Gilgenbach, R. M. ; Gomez, M. R. ; French, D. M. ; Lau, Y. Y. ; Zier, J. ; Johnson, D. L. ; VanDevalde, D. M. ; Sharpe, R. A. ; Ward, K. / Linear Transformer Driver (LTD) development at Sandia National Laboratory. PPC2009 - 17th IEEE International Pulsed Power Conference. 2009. pp. 138-145
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    abstract = "Most of the modern high-current high-voltage pulsed power generators require several stages of pulse conditioning (pulse forming) to convert the multimicrosecond pulses of the Marx generator output to the 40-300 ns pulse required by a number of applications including x-ray radiography, pulsed high current linear accelerators, Z-pinch, Isentropic Compression (ICE), and Inertial Fusion Energy (IFE) drivers. This makes the devices large, cumbersome to operate, and expensive. Sandia, in collaboration with a number of other institutions, is developing a new paradigm in pulsed power technology; the Linear Transformer Driver (LTD) technology. This technological approach can provide very compact devices that can deliver very fast high current and high voltage pulses. The output pulse rise time and width can be easily tailored to the specific application needs. Trains of a large number of high current pulses can be produced with variable inter-pulse separation from nanoseconds to milliseconds. Most importantly, these devices can be rep-rated to frequencies only limited by the capacitor specifications (usually is 10Hz). Their footprint as compared with current day pulsed power accelerators is considerably smaller since LTD do not require large oil and de-ionized water tanks. This makes them ideally fit for applications that require portability. In the present paper we present Sandia Laboratory's broad spectrum of developmental effort to design construct and extensively validate the LTD pulsed power technology.",
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    AU - Mazarakis, M. G.

    AU - Cordova, S.

    AU - Fowler, W. E.

    AU - LeChien, K. L.

    AU - Leckbee, J. J.

    AU - Long, F. W.

    AU - Matzen, M. K.

    AU - McDaniel, D. H.

    AU - McKee, R. G.

    AU - McKenney, J. L.

    AU - Oliver, B. V.

    AU - Olson, C. L.

    AU - Porter, J. L.

    AU - Rogowski, S. T.

    AU - Struve, K. W.

    AU - Stygar, W. A.

    AU - Weed, J. W.

    AU - Woodworth, J. R.

    AU - Kim, A. A.

    AU - Sinebryukhov, V. A.

    AU - Gilgenbach, R. M.

    AU - Gomez, M. R.

    AU - French, D. M.

    AU - Lau, Y. Y.

    AU - Zier, J.

    AU - Johnson, D. L.

    AU - VanDevalde, D. M.

    AU - Sharpe, R. A.

    AU - Ward, K.

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