Laser radiation scattering from the wires and fibers of imploding arrays on the Angara-5-1 facility

E. V. Grabovski, A. N. Gritsuk, V. P. Smirnov, V. V. Aleksandrov, G. M. Oleinik, V. I. Oreshkin, I. N. Frolov, Ya N. Laukhin, A. N. Gribov, A. A. Samokhin, P. V. Sasorov, K. N. Mitrofanov, S. F. Medovshchikov, K. V. Khishchenko, A. A. Rupasov, E. A. Bolkhovitinov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A method is developed for measurements of laser radiation scattering by wires and fibers in different types of imploding arrays in the initial stage of plasma production at discharge currents per wire of up to 2 kA for aluminum arrays and up to 8 kA for tungsten arrays. The experiments were carried out on the Angara-5-1 facility at a current density in the wires of 108 A/cm2 and current growth rate of ~1013 A/s. It is found that the indicatrix of laser radiation reflected from the wires (fibers) in cylindrical and conical arrays is modified at currents of 0. 1-10 kA per wire (fiber). The experimental data on the reflection and scattering of laser radiation from wires and fibers are compared with the results of numerical simulations of their electric explosion in vacuum. It is proposed that the change in the reflection indicatrix of laser radiation is caused by the onset of thermal instabilities. The typical size of density and temperature inhomogeneities on the wire surface is in a range of 10-20 μm, which probably results in a transition from specular to diffuse reflection of laser radiation. A simultaneous abrupt (over 2-3 ns) reduction in the reflection intensity from several wires of an array indicates a homogeneous distribution of the discharge current over the irradiated wires. This closes the issue of the quality of the contact between the wires and the electrodes. The obtained experimental information is of considerable importance for the development of numerical codes for simulations of the implosion of wire arrays and the refinement of the wire parameters in the initial stage of plasma production.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)955-964
Number of pages10
JournalPlasma Physics Reports
Volume37
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2011
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Laser radiation scattering from the wires and fibers of imploding arrays on the Angara-5-1 facility'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Grabovski, E. V., Gritsuk, A. N., Smirnov, V. P., Aleksandrov, V. V., Oleinik, G. M., Oreshkin, V. I., Frolov, I. N., Laukhin, Y. N., Gribov, A. N., Samokhin, A. A., Sasorov, P. V., Mitrofanov, K. N., Medovshchikov, S. F., Khishchenko, K. V., Rupasov, A. A., & Bolkhovitinov, E. A. (2011). Laser radiation scattering from the wires and fibers of imploding arrays on the Angara-5-1 facility. Plasma Physics Reports, 37(11), 955-964. https://doi.org/10.1134/S1063780X11100047