We have developed a method for detecting acoustic fields in solids irradiated with dense electron beams. The method is based on laser Michelson interferometry. The electron source is a high-current DZhIN electron accelerator. The detection system features a short baseline Michelson interferometer located inside the experimental chamber with the sample, a stabilized initial beam pathlength difference within the interferometer, high temporal resolution, an analog-to-digital converter with output to a personal computer, and a program for reducing the interferometer data. We can measure both long pulses with minimum displacements of 10-10 m and durations of 10-8 sec, and flexure waves with large-amplitude displacements of 10-5 m and oscillation periods of 10-3 sec. We present results from studies of flexure waves in thin plates and rods of copper, silicon, alkali-halide crystals, quartz glasses, and D16T aluminum alloy irradiated by nanosecond high-density electron beams.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)