Investigation of second- and third-harmonic generation in few-layer gallium selenide by multiphoton microscopy

Lasse Karvonen, Antti Säynätjoki, Soroush Mehravar, Raul D. Rodriguez, Susanne Hartmann, Dietrich R.T. Zahn, Seppo Honkanen, Robert A. Norwood, N. Peyghambarian, Khanh Kieu, Harri Lipsanen, Juha Riikonen

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Abstract

Gallium selenide (GaSe) is a layered semiconductor and a well-known nonlinear optical crystal. The discovery of graphene has created a new vast research field focusing on two-dimensional materials. We report on the nonlinear optical properties of few-layer GaSe using multiphoton microscopy. Both second- and third-harmonic generation from few-layer GaSe flakes were observed. Unexpectedly, even the peak at the wavelength of 390 nm, corresponding to the fourth-harmonic generation or the sum frequency generation from third-harmonic generation and pump light, was detected during the spectral measurements in thin GaSe flakes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number10334
JournalScientific Reports
Volume5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 May 2015
Externally publishedYes

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gallium selenides
harmonic generations
microscopy
flakes
graphene
pumps
optical properties
wavelengths
crystals

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  • General

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Investigation of second- and third-harmonic generation in few-layer gallium selenide by multiphoton microscopy. / Karvonen, Lasse; Säynätjoki, Antti; Mehravar, Soroush; Rodriguez, Raul D.; Hartmann, Susanne; Zahn, Dietrich R.T.; Honkanen, Seppo; Norwood, Robert A.; Peyghambarian, N.; Kieu, Khanh; Lipsanen, Harri; Riikonen, Juha.

In: Scientific Reports, Vol. 5, 10334, 19.05.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Karvonen, L, Säynätjoki, A, Mehravar, S, Rodriguez, RD, Hartmann, S, Zahn, DRT, Honkanen, S, Norwood, RA, Peyghambarian, N, Kieu, K, Lipsanen, H & Riikonen, J 2015, 'Investigation of second- and third-harmonic generation in few-layer gallium selenide by multiphoton microscopy', Scientific Reports, vol. 5, 10334. https://doi.org/10.1038/srep10334
Karvonen, Lasse ; Säynätjoki, Antti ; Mehravar, Soroush ; Rodriguez, Raul D. ; Hartmann, Susanne ; Zahn, Dietrich R.T. ; Honkanen, Seppo ; Norwood, Robert A. ; Peyghambarian, N. ; Kieu, Khanh ; Lipsanen, Harri ; Riikonen, Juha. / Investigation of second- and third-harmonic generation in few-layer gallium selenide by multiphoton microscopy. In: Scientific Reports. 2015 ; Vol. 5.
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