Investigation of a pharmacological approach for reduction of renal uptake of radiolabeled adapt scaffold protein

Anzhelika Vorobyeva, Maryam Oroujeni, Sarah Lindbo, Sophia Hober, Tianqi Xu, Yongsheng Liu, Sara S. Rinne, Javad Garousi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Albumin binding domain-Derived Affinity ProTeins (ADAPTs) are small (5 kDa) engineered scaffold proteins that are promising targeting agents for radionuclide-based imaging. A recent clinical study has demonstrated that radiolabeled ADAPTs can efficiently visualize human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) expression in breast cancer using SPECT imaging. However, the use of ADAPTs directly labeled with radiometals for targeted radionuclide therapy is limited by their high reabsorption and prolonged retention of activity in kidneys. In this study, we investigated whether a co-injection of lysine or gelofusin, commonly used for reduction of renal uptake of radiolabeled peptides in clinics, would reduce the renal uptake of [99mTc]Tc(CO)3-ADAPT6 in NMRI mice. In order to better understand the mechanism behind the reabsorption of [99mTc]Tc(CO)3-ADAPT6, we included several compounds that act on various parts of the reabsorption system in kidneys. Administration of gelofusine, lysine, probenecid, furosemide, mannitol, or colchicine did not change the uptake of [99mTc]Tc(CO)3-ADAPT6 in kidneys. Sodium maleate reduced the uptake of [99mTc]Tc(CO)3-ADAPT6 to ca. 25% of the uptake in the control, a high dose of fructose (50 mmol/kg) reduced the uptake by ca. two-fold. However, a lower dose (20 mmol/kg) had no effect. These results indicate that common clinical strategies are not effective for reduction of kidney uptake of [99mTc]Tc(CO)3-ADAPT6 and that other strategies for reduction of activity uptake or retention in kidneys should be investigated for ADAPT6.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4448
JournalMolecules
Volume25
Issue number19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2020

Keywords

  • ADAPT
  • Kidney
  • Radionuclide
  • Reabsorption
  • Renal uptake

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

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