We have investigated plasmonic excitations at the surface of Bi2Se3(0001) via high-resolution electron energy loss spectroscopy. For low parallel momentum transfer q≥, the loss spectrum shows a distinctive feature peaked at 104 meV. This mode varies weakly with q≥. The behavior of its intensity as a function of primary energy and scattering angle indicates that it is a surface plasmon. At larger momenta (q≥∼0.04 Å-1), an additional peak, attributed to the Dirac plasmon, becomes clearly defined in the loss spectrum. Momentum-resolved loss spectra provide evidence of the mutual interaction between the surface plasmon and the Dirac plasmon of Bi2Se3. The proposed theoretical model accounting for the coexistence of three-dimensional doping electrons and two-dimensional Dirac fermions accurately represents the experimental observations. The results reveal novel routes for engineering plasmonic devices based on topological insulators.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)