The work studied vasopressinergic neurons of hypothalamic supraoptic and paravenricular nuclei of the wild type mice and the neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) gene knockouted mice at a decrease of the brain catecholamine (CA) level caused by administration of the blocker of activity of tyrosine hydroxylase alpha-methyl-paratyrosine (alpha-MPT) and at the CA level decrease on the background of functional activity of the vasopressinergic neurons caused by dehydration of animals. There were analyzed changes in the number of neurons in both magnocellular hypothalamic nuclei expressing proapoptotic proteins caspase-8 and caspase-9, p53, and antiapoptotic protein Bcl-2. The disturbance of the CA-ergic innervation was shown to be a strong damaging factor leading to apoptosis of neurons regardless of the presence of nNOS in the cells. However, at disturbance of the CA-ergic innervation due to the 5-day mouse dehydration, no death of neurons by apoptosis was revealed. Thus, it is possible that functional activation prevents the hypothalamic vasopressinergic neurons from death at a decrease of the CA level in brain. The main difference of the nNOS gene knockouts is the absence of activation of the Bcl-2 expression under all used actions. This confirms our suggestion about interaction of CA and NO in triggering of expression of the antiapoptotic protein Bcl-2.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Zhurnal Evolyutsionnoi Biokhimii i Fiziologii|
|Publication status||Published - May 2011|
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