Influence of carbon nanotube surface treatment on resistivity and low-frequency noise characteristics of epoxy-based composites

Marina Tretjak, Sandra Pralgauskaitė, Jan Macutkevic, Jonas Matukas, Juras Banys, Polina Kuzhir, Evgeni Ivanov, Rumiana Kotsilkova

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Resistivity and low-frequency (10 Hz–20 kHz) noise characteristics of composite materials with multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) of different surface treatment, that is, MWCNTs covered with bisphenol-A based liquid epoxy resin (epoxy-grafted) and polyethylene polyamine (amino-grafted), have been carried out over the temperature range from 73 to 380 K. The resistivity of the investigated materials decreases with temperature increase up to 250 K; at higher temperatures polymer matrix expansion leads to the resistivity increase and above 340 K the conductivity in the matrix becomes significant. Low-frequency noise spectra of the investigated materials are 1/fα-type and noise spectral density is proportional to the squared voltage. The observed fluctuations in the investigated materials are resistance fluctuations. The conduction in the investigated composites is caused by tunneling inside and between MWCNTs controlled by charge carrier capture and release processes in localized states. MWCNT's surface treatment by polyethylene polyamine leads to the larger density of surface states what causes lower resistivity and more intensive low-frequency fluctuations. POLYM. COMPOS., 39:E1224–E1230, 2018.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E1224-E1230
JournalPolymer Composites
Volume39
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2018

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Carbon Nanotubes
Surface treatment
Carbon nanotubes
Polyethylenes
Composite materials
Epoxy Resins
Spectral density
Surface states
Charge carriers
Polymer matrix
Epoxy resins
Temperature
Liquids
Electric potential
Polyamines
polyethylene polyamine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Influence of carbon nanotube surface treatment on resistivity and low-frequency noise characteristics of epoxy-based composites. / Tretjak, Marina; Pralgauskaitė, Sandra; Macutkevic, Jan; Matukas, Jonas; Banys, Juras; Kuzhir, Polina; Ivanov, Evgeni; Kotsilkova, Rumiana.

In: Polymer Composites, Vol. 39, 01.05.2018, p. E1224-E1230.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tretjak, M, Pralgauskaitė, S, Macutkevic, J, Matukas, J, Banys, J, Kuzhir, P, Ivanov, E & Kotsilkova, R 2018, 'Influence of carbon nanotube surface treatment on resistivity and low-frequency noise characteristics of epoxy-based composites', Polymer Composites, vol. 39, pp. E1224-E1230. https://doi.org/10.1002/pc.24775
Tretjak, Marina ; Pralgauskaitė, Sandra ; Macutkevic, Jan ; Matukas, Jonas ; Banys, Juras ; Kuzhir, Polina ; Ivanov, Evgeni ; Kotsilkova, Rumiana. / Influence of carbon nanotube surface treatment on resistivity and low-frequency noise characteristics of epoxy-based composites. In: Polymer Composites. 2018 ; Vol. 39. pp. E1224-E1230.
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AU - Ivanov, Evgeni

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