Influence of Anodization Time and Voltage on the Parameters of TiO2 Nanotubes

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Abstract

A vertically aligned titania nanotube layer was obtained by electrochemical anodic oxidation in the electrolyte contained 0.4 wt% solution of NH4F in 54 ml of ethylene glycol and 5 ml of deionized water, after titanium was chemically cleaned/etched with a mixture of HCl, H2O and HNO3 solution for removing the natural oxide films. The morphology and composition of the titania nanotube layer were examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS). The anodization of TiO2 nanotubes was done using 60 V for 240 min and 30 min, and 30 V for 30 min. The diameter of the titania nanotubes was about 52-156 nm, the wall thickness about 32-53 nm and the height about 0.9-6.3 μm. The pore size of TiO2 nanotubes influences the dissolution rate of CaP thin films and Young's modulus, which is significantly lower than that of the Ti substrate. Our future challenge will be investigation of the microstructure and mechanical behavior of titania nanotubes with CaP film.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012025
JournalIOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering
Volume116
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Mar 2016

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Nanotubes
Titanium
Electric potential
Ethylene Glycol
Deionized water
Electrochemical oxidation
Anodic oxidation
Ethylene glycol
Electrolytes
Oxide films
Pore size
Energy dispersive spectroscopy
Dissolution
Elastic moduli
Thin films
Microstructure
Scanning electron microscopy
titanium dioxide
Substrates
Chemical analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

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title = "Influence of Anodization Time and Voltage on the Parameters of TiO2 Nanotubes",
abstract = "A vertically aligned titania nanotube layer was obtained by electrochemical anodic oxidation in the electrolyte contained 0.4 wt{\%} solution of NH4F in 54 ml of ethylene glycol and 5 ml of deionized water, after titanium was chemically cleaned/etched with a mixture of HCl, H2O and HNO3 solution for removing the natural oxide films. The morphology and composition of the titania nanotube layer were examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS). The anodization of TiO2 nanotubes was done using 60 V for 240 min and 30 min, and 30 V for 30 min. The diameter of the titania nanotubes was about 52-156 nm, the wall thickness about 32-53 nm and the height about 0.9-6.3 μm. The pore size of TiO2 nanotubes influences the dissolution rate of CaP thin films and Young's modulus, which is significantly lower than that of the Ti substrate. Our future challenge will be investigation of the microstructure and mechanical behavior of titania nanotubes with CaP film.",
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AU - Chernozem, R. V.

AU - Surmeneva, Maria Alexandrovna

AU - Surmenev, Roman Anatolievich

PY - 2016/3/3

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N2 - A vertically aligned titania nanotube layer was obtained by electrochemical anodic oxidation in the electrolyte contained 0.4 wt% solution of NH4F in 54 ml of ethylene glycol and 5 ml of deionized water, after titanium was chemically cleaned/etched with a mixture of HCl, H2O and HNO3 solution for removing the natural oxide films. The morphology and composition of the titania nanotube layer were examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS). The anodization of TiO2 nanotubes was done using 60 V for 240 min and 30 min, and 30 V for 30 min. The diameter of the titania nanotubes was about 52-156 nm, the wall thickness about 32-53 nm and the height about 0.9-6.3 μm. The pore size of TiO2 nanotubes influences the dissolution rate of CaP thin films and Young's modulus, which is significantly lower than that of the Ti substrate. Our future challenge will be investigation of the microstructure and mechanical behavior of titania nanotubes with CaP film.

AB - A vertically aligned titania nanotube layer was obtained by electrochemical anodic oxidation in the electrolyte contained 0.4 wt% solution of NH4F in 54 ml of ethylene glycol and 5 ml of deionized water, after titanium was chemically cleaned/etched with a mixture of HCl, H2O and HNO3 solution for removing the natural oxide films. The morphology and composition of the titania nanotube layer were examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS). The anodization of TiO2 nanotubes was done using 60 V for 240 min and 30 min, and 30 V for 30 min. The diameter of the titania nanotubes was about 52-156 nm, the wall thickness about 32-53 nm and the height about 0.9-6.3 μm. The pore size of TiO2 nanotubes influences the dissolution rate of CaP thin films and Young's modulus, which is significantly lower than that of the Ti substrate. Our future challenge will be investigation of the microstructure and mechanical behavior of titania nanotubes with CaP film.

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