Short-pulse length and high-power density, intense pulsed ion beam (IPIB) has been widely studied in material processing during past decades. Ablation effect plays a great role in the interaction between IPIB and material and may affect the energy deposition of IPIB, thus further influencing the beam application and diagnostics. Therefore, the investigation of ablation effect on energy deposition of IPIB in the irradiated material is of great significance for its applications and diagnostic techniques. In this work, experiments on the IPIB irradiation are carried out on the BIPPAB-450 accelerator at Beihang University. Its maximum accelerating voltage is 450 kV, peak current density is 150 A/cm2, energy density is 1.5–1.8 J/cm2 and pulse duration (FWHM) is 80 ns. Polymer materials which have low thermal conductivity, low decomposition temperature and thus yield to ablation under low beam density, such as polycarbonate (PC), polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA), are chosen in the present research. The 304 stainless steel is used for calorimetric beam diagnostics and comparative analysis. Energy deposition in polymer material and 304 stainless steel are obtained by high infrared imaging diagnostics. It is revealed that the distributions of energy deposition in these two kinds of materials differ from each other obviously. The highest energy density deposited in the 304 stainless steel appears in the center of the irradiated area where focused is the beam with a higher energy density. However, the central energy density in polymer material turns out to be lower than the surrounding area, indicating that a large portion of the ion beam is prevented from reaching the target. Meanwhile, the simulation based on the finite element method is carried out for the thermal filed distribution and evolution under the IPIB irradiation. The simulation result indicates that the strong ablation can be generated on the target surface since the highest temperature caused by IPIB irradiation is much higher than its decomposition temperature. According to the results of experiments and simulation, the polymer material can start to be ablated at the initial stage of IPIB irradiation which will consume partial energy and the products of ablation may act as shielding to block the energy deposition in the same pulse.
|Translated title of the contribution||Influence of ablation on energy deposition in polymer material under irradiation of intense pulsed ion beam|
|Journal||Wuli Xuebao/Acta Physica Sinica|
|Publication status||Published - 5 Jun 2020|
- Energy deposition
- Intense pulsed ion beam
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)