Improving mechanical properties of wire-based EBAM Ti-6Al-4V parts by adding TiC powders

Alexey V. Panin, Marina S. Kazachenok, Elena A. Sinyakova, Artem O. Builuk, Sergey A. Martynov, Sergey V. Panin, Filippo Berto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper addresses the problem of enlarging the strength of Ti-6Al-4V titanium parts fabricated by wire-based electron-beam additive manufacturing (EBAM) technology. The investigations on microstructure and phase composition of wire-based EBAM Ti-6Al-4V samples as well the as EBAM TiCx/Ti-6Al-4V ones fabricated by electron beam melting of titanium Ti-6Al-4V wire with simultaneous supply of TiC powder were performed. It is shown that adding of TiC powder into a molten pool significantly affects the microstructure and volume fraction of retained β phase in the EBAM-built parts. The main conclusion made postulates that the combination of wire feeding–based EBAM and direct metal deposition technology, which utilizes a feed nozzle to supply the ceramic powder into a molten pool, provides an ample opportunity to produce EBAM TiCx/Ti-6Al-4V samples with increased microhardness and tensile strength.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere136
JournalMaterial Design and Processing Communications
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2021


  • additive materials
  • composites
  • mechanical properties
  • microstructure
  • Ti-6Al-4V

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials

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