Impact of peat thermal treatment on oil removal from water surface

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The capacity of air-dried and heat-treated peat sorbent to destroy oil on the water surface was studied. Physiological groups of bacteria and microorganisms from raw and oil contaminated peat extracts which were in contact with oil and drinking water from centralized supply systems during two months were defined. The number of bacteria was defined by the titration method in liquid medium and calculating the colonies in solid medium. The degree of solute natural destruction was defined regarding evaporation of light fractions of hydrocarbons, degree of water contamination with oil was determined by fluorimetric method. In addition, it was revealed that heat treatment of peat samples has impact on bacterium activity. Based on the obtained data, the oligotrophy index was calculated in order to determine the balanced character of bacterial processes and prevalence of organic matter destruction over its accumulation. The use of thermally treated peat with increased sorption capacity allows decreasing concentration of petroleum hydrocarbon in water.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication16th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference, SGEM 2016
Subtitle of host publicationNano, Bio and Green - Technologies for a Sustainable Future, Conference Proceedings
PublisherInternational Multidisciplinary Scientific Geoconference
Pages441-446
Number of pages6
Volume2
ISBN (Electronic)9786197105568, 9786197105599, 9786197105629, 9786197105643, 9786197105667, 9786197105698
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Event16th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference: Ecology, Economics, Education and Legislation, SGEM 2016 - Albena, Bulgaria
Duration: 30 Jun 20166 Jul 2016

Conference

Conference16th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference: Ecology, Economics, Education and Legislation, SGEM 2016
CountryBulgaria
CityAlbena
Period30.6.166.7.16

Keywords

  • Destruction degree
  • Microorganisms
  • Oil
  • Peat sorbent
  • Thermal treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology

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  • Cite this

    Chukhareva, N. V., Sartakov, M. P., & Korotchenko, T. V. (2016). Impact of peat thermal treatment on oil removal from water surface. In 16th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference, SGEM 2016: Nano, Bio and Green - Technologies for a Sustainable Future, Conference Proceedings (Vol. 2, pp. 441-446). International Multidisciplinary Scientific Geoconference. https://doi.org/10.5593/SGEM2016/B52/S20.056