A series of thiacirculenes and novel Se-, Te-, S/Te-, and Se/Te-substituted circulenes have been studied by calculations of nucleus-independent chemical shift indices and gauge including magnetically induced currents to interpret the impact of heteroatoms on the aromatic properties of these polyheterocyclic species. The calculations indicate that all the studied heterocirculenes and heterocirculenes consist of two concentric subsystems: an inner seven- or eight-membered core is antiaromatic because of the existence of a paratropic ring current, and an outer system of benzene and hetarene rings that exhibit aromatic behaviour due to the circulation of diatropic ring currents. Thus, most of the heterocirculenes can be considered as slightly antiaromatic because of the slight domination of the paratropic ring currents over the diatropic ones, whereas heterocirculenes represent aromatic species due to the prevailing contribution of the diatropic currents. The antiaromaticity gradually increases with more scattered arrangements of the thiophene and benzene rings in each series of di-, tri-, tetra-, and pentathiacirculenes because of the reduced conjugation effect between the neighboring thiophene and benzene rings. Loss of planarity with increased strain leads to an increased antiaromatic character of the lower representatives of the thia[n]circulenes, whereas higher thia[n]circulenes demonstrate a more pronounced aromatic nature because of the small deviation from planarity. The ring current topology is found to be quite insensitive to the heteroatom type, number of hetarene rings and the size of the inner ring; this clearly manifests the special electronic structure of hetero[n]circulenes containing two concentric cyclic subsystems.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Chemistry