We studied the localization of transmembrane receptor P185(HER2) in SKOV-3 and BT-474 cancer cells by fluorescence, confocal and electron immunomicroscopy. P185(HER2) is a marker of breast and ovarian tumors, it is considered as a target for anticancer therapy. It is extremely important to choose a universal immunicytotoxic agent applicable, first, to study the distribution of P185(HER2) in cancer cells, secondly, to remove P185(HER2) from the cell surface and, thirdly, to eliminate target cells. In this work for visualization of P185HER2 We prOposed immunocytotoxic system, consisting of the monoclonal miniantibody 4D5 scFv to extracellular P185E domain fused with two molecules of barnase (ribonuclease from Bacillus amyloliquefaciens) and of its specific inhibitor barstar. Fluorescence microscopy has showed that the module 4D5 scFv-dibarnase:barstar efficiently identified P185(HER2) on the surface of cancer cells. It was revealed by confocal microscopy that interaction with 4D5 scFv-dibarnase lead to internalization of P185(HER2). The localization of P185(HER) in human ovarian carcinoma cells SKOV-3 and breast carcinoma cells BT-474 was compared by electron microscopy using 4D5 scFv-dibarnase:barstar-Au and 4D5 scFv-dibarnase-Au complexes. P185(HER) distributed on the cell surface unequally with preferential localization on protrusions or close to their bases and in contacts between protrusions and cell membrane. At 37 degrees C, P185(HER2) internalized through coated pits and vesicles and concentrated in the endosomes and multivesicular bodies in the cells of both cell lines, as well as in lysosomes in cells BT-474.
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