Identification of novel formyl peptide receptor-like 1 agonists that induce macrophage tumor necrosis factor α production

Igor A. Schepetkin, Liliya N. Kirpotina, Jun Tian, Andrey Ivanovich Khlebnikov, Richard D. Ye, Mark T. Quinn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)


Development of immunomodulatory agents that enhance innate immune responses represents a promising strategy for combating infectious diseases. In the present studies, we screened a series of 71 arylcarboxylic acid hydrazide derivatives for their ability to induce macrophage tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) production and identified six such compounds, including one compound previously shown to be a formyl peptide receptor (FPR/FPRL1) agonist. The two most potent compounds [compound 1, nicotinic acid [5-(3-bromophenyl)-2- furyl]methylene-hydrazide; compound 2, 4-fluoro-benzoic acid [5-(3-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-2-furyl]-methylene-hydrazide] were selected for further analysis. These compounds induced de novo production of TNF-α in a dose-and time-dependent manner in human and murine monocyte/macrophage cell lines and in primary macrophages. These compounds also induced mobilization of intracellular Ca2+, production of reactive oxygen species, and chemotaxis in human and murine phagocytes. Induction of macrophage TNF-α production was pertussis toxin-sensitive, and analysis of the cellular target of these compounds showed that they were FPRL1-specific agonists and that this response was blocked by FPR/FPRL1 and FPRL1-specific antagonists. In addition, pharmacophore modeling showed a high degree of similarity for low-energy conformations of these two compounds to the current pharmacophore model for FPR ligands (Mol Pharmacol 68:1301-1310, 2005). Overall, these compounds represent novel FPRL1 agonists that induce TNF-α, a response distinct from those induced by other known FPR and FPRL1 agonists.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)392-402
Number of pages11
JournalMolecular Pharmacology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2008
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Identification of novel formyl peptide receptor-like 1 agonists that induce macrophage tumor necrosis factor α production'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this