Hydrogeochemical peculiarities of the composition of nitric thermal waters in the Baikal Rift Zone

A. M. Plyusnin, L. V. Zamana, S. L. Shvartsev, Olga Grigorievna Tokarenko, M. K. Chernyavskii

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The chemical, gas, and isotopic compositions of nitric thermal waters in the Baikal Rift Zone are considered. It is shown that the behavior of sulfate and carbonate ions in hydrothermal systems is different, which indicates that they are of two different origins. The studied thermal waters are of five chemical types formed in different geologic conditions. Special attention is given to the genesis of hydrotherms, the geologic and geomorphologic conditions of their recharge, and their equilibrium with rocks. It has been established that most of chemical elements of the waters migrated from rocks, but a significant portion of them is bound by secondary minerals, which results in their deep differentiation, accumulation, or precipitation. Thus, the so-called redundant elements appear, which were earlier considered to be of mantle origin.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)495-508
Number of pages14
JournalRussian Geology and Geophysics
Volume54
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2013

Fingerprint

thermal water
rift zone
chemical element
secondary mineral
hydrothermal system
rocks
rock
water
recharge
chemical elements
isotopic composition
hydrothermal systems
gas composition
sulfate
mantle
carbonate
ion
sulfates
carbonates
chemical composition

Keywords

  • Baikal Rift Zone
  • Element origin
  • Formation of resources and chemical composition
  • Hydrogen and oxygen isotopic compositions of water
  • Nitric thermal waters

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Geology

Cite this

Hydrogeochemical peculiarities of the composition of nitric thermal waters in the Baikal Rift Zone. / Plyusnin, A. M.; Zamana, L. V.; Shvartsev, S. L.; Tokarenko, Olga Grigorievna; Chernyavskii, M. K.

In: Russian Geology and Geophysics, Vol. 54, No. 5, 01.05.2013, p. 495-508.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Plyusnin, A. M. ; Zamana, L. V. ; Shvartsev, S. L. ; Tokarenko, Olga Grigorievna ; Chernyavskii, M. K. / Hydrogeochemical peculiarities of the composition of nitric thermal waters in the Baikal Rift Zone. In: Russian Geology and Geophysics. 2013 ; Vol. 54, No. 5. pp. 495-508.
@article{d3835f3f7e0b4508ad6e07e623b656b5,
title = "Hydrogeochemical peculiarities of the composition of nitric thermal waters in the Baikal Rift Zone",
abstract = "The chemical, gas, and isotopic compositions of nitric thermal waters in the Baikal Rift Zone are considered. It is shown that the behavior of sulfate and carbonate ions in hydrothermal systems is different, which indicates that they are of two different origins. The studied thermal waters are of five chemical types formed in different geologic conditions. Special attention is given to the genesis of hydrotherms, the geologic and geomorphologic conditions of their recharge, and their equilibrium with rocks. It has been established that most of chemical elements of the waters migrated from rocks, but a significant portion of them is bound by secondary minerals, which results in their deep differentiation, accumulation, or precipitation. Thus, the so-called redundant elements appear, which were earlier considered to be of mantle origin.",
keywords = "Baikal Rift Zone, Element origin, Formation of resources and chemical composition, Hydrogen and oxygen isotopic compositions of water, Nitric thermal waters",
author = "Plyusnin, {A. M.} and Zamana, {L. V.} and Shvartsev, {S. L.} and Tokarenko, {Olga Grigorievna} and Chernyavskii, {M. K.}",
year = "2013",
month = "5",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.rgg.2013.04.002",
language = "English",
volume = "54",
pages = "495--508",
journal = "Russian Geology and Geophysics",
issn = "1068-7971",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Hydrogeochemical peculiarities of the composition of nitric thermal waters in the Baikal Rift Zone

AU - Plyusnin, A. M.

AU - Zamana, L. V.

AU - Shvartsev, S. L.

AU - Tokarenko, Olga Grigorievna

AU - Chernyavskii, M. K.

PY - 2013/5/1

Y1 - 2013/5/1

N2 - The chemical, gas, and isotopic compositions of nitric thermal waters in the Baikal Rift Zone are considered. It is shown that the behavior of sulfate and carbonate ions in hydrothermal systems is different, which indicates that they are of two different origins. The studied thermal waters are of five chemical types formed in different geologic conditions. Special attention is given to the genesis of hydrotherms, the geologic and geomorphologic conditions of their recharge, and their equilibrium with rocks. It has been established that most of chemical elements of the waters migrated from rocks, but a significant portion of them is bound by secondary minerals, which results in their deep differentiation, accumulation, or precipitation. Thus, the so-called redundant elements appear, which were earlier considered to be of mantle origin.

AB - The chemical, gas, and isotopic compositions of nitric thermal waters in the Baikal Rift Zone are considered. It is shown that the behavior of sulfate and carbonate ions in hydrothermal systems is different, which indicates that they are of two different origins. The studied thermal waters are of five chemical types formed in different geologic conditions. Special attention is given to the genesis of hydrotherms, the geologic and geomorphologic conditions of their recharge, and their equilibrium with rocks. It has been established that most of chemical elements of the waters migrated from rocks, but a significant portion of them is bound by secondary minerals, which results in their deep differentiation, accumulation, or precipitation. Thus, the so-called redundant elements appear, which were earlier considered to be of mantle origin.

KW - Baikal Rift Zone

KW - Element origin

KW - Formation of resources and chemical composition

KW - Hydrogen and oxygen isotopic compositions of water

KW - Nitric thermal waters

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84876797961&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84876797961&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.rgg.2013.04.002

DO - 10.1016/j.rgg.2013.04.002

M3 - Article

VL - 54

SP - 495

EP - 508

JO - Russian Geology and Geophysics

JF - Russian Geology and Geophysics

SN - 1068-7971

IS - 5

ER -