Hydrogen isotopic effect during the graphite high-temperature corrosion in water vapours

Yevgen Chikhray, Saulet Askerbekov, Inesh Kenzhina, Yuriy Gordienko, Vadim Bochkov, Evgeny Nesterov, Natalia Varlamova

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This paper presents the results on a study the processes of physicochemical interactions of water with graphite. The main regularities of the formation of H 2 , HD and D 2 molecules on the graphite surface were determined. It was shown that the fraction of D 2 and HD in the gaseous outcome increases in the process of heating, and the quasi-equilibrium state of the graphite's absorption of hydrogen isotopes at the initial stages of interaction is significant: the flow of dissolved atoms into the sample volume is higher than the desorption flow. We suppose that this is due to the higher rate of dissolution of hydrogen atoms in the volume of graphite. We also estimated also the separation factor for the graphite surface-volume system for hydrogen atoms, which was 1.53 for the selected experimental conditions. The temperature dependence of the effective rate constant K s for the formation of hydrogen isotope molecules in the interaction of graphite with water vapour in the range of 1100 °C–1200 °C was determined. It turned out that K S (D 2 ) > K S (HD) > K S (H 2 ).

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

Fingerprint

Water vapor
water vapor
corrosion
Graphite
graphite
Corrosion
Hydrogen
hydrogen
hydrogen isotopes
Atoms
Temperature
Isotopes
hydrogen atoms
Molecules
interactions
regularity
molecules
Rate constants
Desorption
dissolving

Keywords

  • Corrosion
  • DSC
  • Graphite
  • Hydrogen
  • TGA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Cite this

Hydrogen isotopic effect during the graphite high-temperature corrosion in water vapours. / Chikhray, Yevgen; Askerbekov, Saulet; Kenzhina, Inesh; Gordienko, Yuriy; Bochkov, Vadim; Nesterov, Evgeny; Varlamova, Natalia.

In: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Chikhray, Yevgen

AU - Askerbekov, Saulet

AU - Kenzhina, Inesh

AU - Gordienko, Yuriy

AU - Bochkov, Vadim

AU - Nesterov, Evgeny

AU - Varlamova, Natalia

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AB - This paper presents the results on a study the processes of physicochemical interactions of water with graphite. The main regularities of the formation of H 2 , HD and D 2 molecules on the graphite surface were determined. It was shown that the fraction of D 2 and HD in the gaseous outcome increases in the process of heating, and the quasi-equilibrium state of the graphite's absorption of hydrogen isotopes at the initial stages of interaction is significant: the flow of dissolved atoms into the sample volume is higher than the desorption flow. We suppose that this is due to the higher rate of dissolution of hydrogen atoms in the volume of graphite. We also estimated also the separation factor for the graphite surface-volume system for hydrogen atoms, which was 1.53 for the selected experimental conditions. The temperature dependence of the effective rate constant K s for the formation of hydrogen isotope molecules in the interaction of graphite with water vapour in the range of 1100 °C–1200 °C was determined. It turned out that K S (D 2 ) > K S (HD) > K S (H 2 ).

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