### Abstract

Possible ways of constructing new extended fermionic strings with non-linear N=4 world-sheet supersymmetry are considered. N=4 string theory constraints are required to form a quasi-superconformal algebra, and have conformal dimensions . The most general non-linear N=4 quasi-superconformal algebra is , whose linearization is the so-called 'large' N=4 superconformal algebra. The algebra has affine Lie component, and . We construct a quantum BRST charge for this algebra, and show that it is nilpotent only if . This restricts the previously proposed continuous -family of critical N=4 strings to only one theory based on the algebra which is isomorphic to the SO(4)-based Bershadsky - Knizhnik quasi-superconformal algebra. We propose the (non-covariant) Hamiltonian action for the new N=4 string theory. Our results imply the existence of two different critical N=4 fermionic string theories: the 'old' one based on the 'small' linear N=4 superconformal algebra and having the total ghost central charge , and the new one with the non-linearly realized N=4 supersymmetry, based on the SO(4) quasi-superconformal algebra and having . Both critical N=4 string theories have negative 'critical dimensions' and do not admit unitary matter representations.

Original language | English |
---|---|

Article number | 004 |

Pages (from-to) | 925-940 |

Number of pages | 16 |

Journal | Classical and Quantum Gravity |

Volume | 12 |

Issue number | 4 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 1995 |

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### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Physics and Astronomy(all)

### Cite this

*Classical and Quantum Gravity*,

*12*(4), 925-940. [004]. https://doi.org/10.1088/0264-9381/12/4/004

**How many N = 4 strings exist?** / Ketov, Sergei V.

Research output: Contribution to journal › Article

*Classical and Quantum Gravity*, vol. 12, no. 4, 004, pp. 925-940. https://doi.org/10.1088/0264-9381/12/4/004

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - How many N = 4 strings exist?

AU - Ketov, Sergei V.

PY - 1995

Y1 - 1995

N2 - Possible ways of constructing new extended fermionic strings with non-linear N=4 world-sheet supersymmetry are considered. N=4 string theory constraints are required to form a quasi-superconformal algebra, and have conformal dimensions . The most general non-linear N=4 quasi-superconformal algebra is , whose linearization is the so-called 'large' N=4 superconformal algebra. The algebra has affine Lie component, and . We construct a quantum BRST charge for this algebra, and show that it is nilpotent only if . This restricts the previously proposed continuous -family of critical N=4 strings to only one theory based on the algebra which is isomorphic to the SO(4)-based Bershadsky - Knizhnik quasi-superconformal algebra. We propose the (non-covariant) Hamiltonian action for the new N=4 string theory. Our results imply the existence of two different critical N=4 fermionic string theories: the 'old' one based on the 'small' linear N=4 superconformal algebra and having the total ghost central charge , and the new one with the non-linearly realized N=4 supersymmetry, based on the SO(4) quasi-superconformal algebra and having . Both critical N=4 string theories have negative 'critical dimensions' and do not admit unitary matter representations.

AB - Possible ways of constructing new extended fermionic strings with non-linear N=4 world-sheet supersymmetry are considered. N=4 string theory constraints are required to form a quasi-superconformal algebra, and have conformal dimensions . The most general non-linear N=4 quasi-superconformal algebra is , whose linearization is the so-called 'large' N=4 superconformal algebra. The algebra has affine Lie component, and . We construct a quantum BRST charge for this algebra, and show that it is nilpotent only if . This restricts the previously proposed continuous -family of critical N=4 strings to only one theory based on the algebra which is isomorphic to the SO(4)-based Bershadsky - Knizhnik quasi-superconformal algebra. We propose the (non-covariant) Hamiltonian action for the new N=4 string theory. Our results imply the existence of two different critical N=4 fermionic string theories: the 'old' one based on the 'small' linear N=4 superconformal algebra and having the total ghost central charge , and the new one with the non-linearly realized N=4 supersymmetry, based on the SO(4) quasi-superconformal algebra and having . Both critical N=4 string theories have negative 'critical dimensions' and do not admit unitary matter representations.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0000732690&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0000732690&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1088/0264-9381/12/4/004

DO - 10.1088/0264-9381/12/4/004

M3 - Article

VL - 12

SP - 925

EP - 940

JO - Classical and Quantum Gravity

JF - Classical and Quantum Gravity

SN - 0264-9381

IS - 4

M1 - 004

ER -