Highly Filled Papers, on their Manufacturing, Processing, and Applications

Benjamin Dermeik, Hannes Lorenz, Alexander Bonet, Nahum Travitzky

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Since more than a decade ago, the research on highly filled papers, as well as paper-derived inorganic materials, has greatly intensified. As presented in this review, highly filled papers as preforms allow for the design of porous or dense, multilayered, and geometrically complex structures. These paper-derived ceramic- or metal-based materials are generated by the heat-treatment of highly filled papers. Paper-derived materials are potential materials of choice for applications in transportation, energy-generation, environmental conservation, support structures, medical uses, and electronic components. Due to the adjustability of the filler content and the good machinability of highly filled papers, paper-derived sheets or multilayers may include intricate structures and tailored gradients in phase structure or porosity. Paper-derived multilayers also may contain cast ceramic tapes or other functionalized layers, as presented in some examples. Computer-aided manufacturing processes for paper-derived materials can be supplemented by prediction models for the sintering shrinkage in order to identify optimal post-processing steps, stacking orders and orientations for highly filled paper layers within multilayer green bodies. The accuracy of established component-level sintering models can be significantly increased by microstructure models of the highly filled paper.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1900180
JournalAdvanced Engineering Materials
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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