Features of the plastic deformation and dynamic spall fracture of Hadfield steel under conditions of shock wave loading at a straining rate of ~106 s-1 have been studied. The shock load (~30 GPa, ~0.2 μs) was produced by pulses of a SINUS-7 electron accelerator, which generated relativistic electron bunches with an electron energy of up to 1.35 MeV, a duration of 45 ns, and a peak power on the target of 3.4 × 1010 W/cm2. It is established that the spalling proceeds via mixed viscous-brittle intergranular fracture, unlike the cases of quasi-static tensile and impact loading, where viscous transgranular fracture is typical. It is shown that the intergranular character of the spall fracture is caused by the localization of plastic deformation at grain boundaries containing precipitated carbide inclusions.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)