Open-shutter photography was used to capture the air breakdown pattern induced by a TM01 mode radiated by a high-power backward wave oscillator. The resultant plasma ring was formed in air adjacent to a conical horn antenna fitted with a membrane to keep the experiment under vacuum. This image was digitized and further processed using Khoros 2.0 software to obtain the dimensions of the plasma ring. This information was used in an air breakdown analysis to estimate the radiated power, and agrees within 10% with the power measured using field mapping with an open-ended WR-90 waveguide.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics
- Condensed Matter Physics