High current, 0.5-MA, fast, 100-ns, linear transformer driver experiments

Michael G. Mazarakis, William E. Fowler, Alexander A. Kim, Vadim A. Sinebryukhov, Sonrisa T. Rogowski, Robin A. Sharpe, Dillon H. McDaniel, Craig L. Olson, John L. Porter, Kenneth W. Struve, William A. Stygar, Joseph R. Woodworth

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    Abstract

    The linear transformer driver (LTD) is a new method for constructing high current, high-voltage pulsed accelerators. The salient feature of the approach is switching and inductively adding the pulses at low voltage straight out of the capacitors through low inductance transfer and soft iron core isolation. Sandia National Laboratories are actively pursuing the development of a new class of accelerator based on the LTD technology. Presently, the high current LTD experimental research is concentrated on two aspects: first, to study the repetition rate capabilities, reliability, reproducibility of the output pulses, switch prefires, jitter, electrical power and energy efficiency, and lifetime measurements of the cavity active components; second, to study how a multicavity linear array performs in a voltage adder configuration relative to current transmission, energy and power addition, and wall plug to output pulse electrical efficiency. Here we report the repetition rate and lifetime studies performed in the Sandia High Current LTD Laboratory. We first utilized the prototype ∼0.4-MA, LTD I cavity which could be reliably operated up to ±90-kV capacitor charging. Later we obtained an improved 0.5-MA, LTD II version that can be operated at ±100kV maximum charging voltage. The experimental results presented here were obtained with both cavities and pertain to evaluating the maximum achievable repetition rate and LTD cavity performance. The voltage adder experiments with a series of double sized cavities (1 MA, ±100kV) will be reported in future publications.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number050401
    JournalPhysical Review Special Topics - Accelerators and Beams
    Volume12
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 14 May 2009

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    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)
    • Surfaces and Interfaces
    • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

    Cite this

    Mazarakis, M. G., Fowler, W. E., Kim, A. A., Sinebryukhov, V. A., Rogowski, S. T., Sharpe, R. A., McDaniel, D. H., Olson, C. L., Porter, J. L., Struve, K. W., Stygar, W. A., & Woodworth, J. R. (2009). High current, 0.5-MA, fast, 100-ns, linear transformer driver experiments. Physical Review Special Topics - Accelerators and Beams, 12(5), [050401]. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.12.050401