Generation of dual pulses of the runaway electron beam current during the subnanosecond breakdown of atomic and molecular gases

V. F. Tarasenko, D. A. Sorokin, M. I. Lomaev

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

With a diaphragm placed behind the anode foil, dual runaway electron beams have been provided in helium, hydrogen, nitrogen, and air under a pressure of several torrs to several dozen torrs and a high-voltage pulse amplitude of about 250 kV. These beams consist of two pulses with commensurable amplitudes with a time interval between them of several dozen picoseconds to several hundred picoseconds. It has been shown that the breakdown of the interelectrode gap at pressures from several torrs to several dozen torrs may occur in different regimes and dual pulses of the electron beam current are registered when the initial current through the gap is below 1 kA. It has been found that a supershort avalanche electron beam that consists of one pulse is generated when the delay of breakdown equals several hundred picoseconds. It has been shown that, when the gas pressure reaches several hundred Torr, including atmospheric pressure, the runaway electrons are detected behind the foil after the termination of the supershort avalanche electron beam pulse.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1551-1560
Number of pages10
JournalTechnical Physics
Volume61
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2016

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monatomic gases
molecular gases
beam currents
breakdown
electron beams
pulses
avalanches
foils
diaphragms
pulse amplitude
gas pressure
high voltages
atmospheric pressure
anodes
helium
intervals
nitrogen
air
hydrogen

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

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Generation of dual pulses of the runaway electron beam current during the subnanosecond breakdown of atomic and molecular gases. / Tarasenko, V. F.; Sorokin, D. A.; Lomaev, M. I.

In: Technical Physics, Vol. 61, No. 10, 01.10.2016, p. 1551-1560.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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