GDGT distributions on the East Siberian Arctic Shelf

Implications for organic carbon export, burial and degradation

R. B. Sparkes, A. Doʇrul Selver, J. Bischoff, H. M. Talbot, Gustafsson, I. P. Semiletov, O. V. Dudarev, B. E. Van Dongen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Siberian permafrost contains a globally significant pool of organic carbon (OC) that is vulnerable to enhanced warming and subsequent release into the contemporary carbon cycle. OC release by both fluvial and coastal erosion has been reported in the region, but the behaviour of this material in the Arctic Ocean is insufficiently understood. The balance between OC deposition and degradation on the East Siberian Arctic Shelf (ESAS) influences the climate-carbon cycle feedback in this area. In this study we couple measurements of glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers (GDGTs) with bulk geochemical observations to improve knowledge of the sources of OC to the ESAS, the behaviour of specific biomarkers on the shelf and the balance between delivery and removal of different carbon pools. Branched GDGT (brGDGT) concentrations were highest close to river mouths, yet low in "ice complex" permafrost deposits, supporting recent observations that brGDGTs are mostly delivered by fluvial erosion, and may be a tracer for this in complex sedimentary environments. BrGDGT concentrations and the branched and isoprenoidal tetraether (BIT) index reduced quickly offshore, demonstrating a rapid reduction in river influence. Stable carbon isotope ratios changed at a different rate to the BIT index, suggesting not only that OC on the shelf is sourced from fluvial erosion but also that erosion of coastal sediments delivers substantial quantities of OC to the Arctic Ocean. A model of OC export from fluvial, coastal and marine sources is able to recreate the biomarker and bulk observations and provide estimates for the influence of fluvial and coastal OC across the whole shelf. The model shows that coastal erosion delivers 43 % of the OC and 87 % of the mineral sediment to the ESAS, but that rivers deliver 72 % of brGDGTs, indicating that brGDGTs can be used as a proxy for river-derived sediment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3753-3768
Number of pages16
JournalBiogeosciences
Volume12
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Jun 2015

Fingerprint

Arctic region
glycerol
organic carbon
degradation
carbon
coastal erosion
rivers
permafrost
erosion
carbon cycle
river
biomarker
sediments
biomarkers
distribution
carbon isotope ratio
coastal sediment
sediment
carbon sinks
stable isotope

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Cite this

Sparkes, R. B., Doʇrul Selver, A., Bischoff, J., Talbot, H. M., Gustafsson, Semiletov, I. P., ... Van Dongen, B. E. (2015). GDGT distributions on the East Siberian Arctic Shelf: Implications for organic carbon export, burial and degradation. Biogeosciences, 12(12), 3753-3768. https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-12-3753-2015

GDGT distributions on the East Siberian Arctic Shelf : Implications for organic carbon export, burial and degradation. / Sparkes, R. B.; Doʇrul Selver, A.; Bischoff, J.; Talbot, H. M.; Gustafsson, ; Semiletov, I. P.; Dudarev, O. V.; Van Dongen, B. E.

In: Biogeosciences, Vol. 12, No. 12, 18.06.2015, p. 3753-3768.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sparkes, R. B. ; Doʇrul Selver, A. ; Bischoff, J. ; Talbot, H. M. ; Gustafsson, ; Semiletov, I. P. ; Dudarev, O. V. ; Van Dongen, B. E. / GDGT distributions on the East Siberian Arctic Shelf : Implications for organic carbon export, burial and degradation. In: Biogeosciences. 2015 ; Vol. 12, No. 12. pp. 3753-3768.
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