Free convection in a triangular cavity filled with a porous medium saturated by a nanofluid Buongiorno's mathematical model: Buongiorno's mathematical model

M. A. Sheremet, Ioan Pop

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

53 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose - Steady-state free convection heat transfer in a right-angle triangular porous enclosure filled by a nanofluid using the mathematical nanofluid model proposed by Buongiorno has been numerically analyzed. The paper aims to discuss this issue. Design/methodology/approach - The nanofluid model takes into account the Brownian diffusion and thermophoresis effects. The governing equations formulated in terms of the vorticity-stream function variables were solved by finite difference method. Findings - It has been found that the average Nusselt number is an increasing function of the Rayleigh and Lewis numbers and a decreasing function of Brownian motion, buoyancy-ratio and thermophoresis parameters. At the same time the average Sherwood number is an increasing function of the Rayleigh and Lewis numbers, Brownian motion and thermophoresis parameters and a decreasing function of buoyancy-ratio parameter. Originality/value - The present results are new and original for the heat transfer and fluid flow in a right-angle triangular porous enclosure filled by a nanofluid using the mathematical nanofluid model proposed by Buongiorno. The results would benefit scientists and engineers to become familiar with the flow behaviour of such nanofluids, and the way to predict the properties of this flow for possibility of using nanofluids in advanced nuclear systems, in industrial sectors including transportation, power generation, chemical sectors, ventilation, air-conditioning, etc.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1138-1161
Number of pages24
JournalInternational Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat and Fluid Flow
Volume25
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2015

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Keywords

  • Buongiorno's model
  • Free convection
  • Nanofluid
  • Numerical study
  • Triangular porous cavity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics

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