Four-dimensional electromagnetic field theory

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


It is shown that has two components, in general, the magnetic field: the vortex and potential. Therefore, for a complete description of the magnetic field should be used four-dimensional vector. Potential magnetic field is detected, for example, when considering an individual charged particle. It also creates a line of finite length and current multi-loop electrical systems. It is shown that the calibration of Coulomb and Lorentz are partial relations and applicable only for an infinite linear current and secluded closed loop with current. Without the use of the Lorentz gauge of wave equations, the differential equations of generalized electrodynamics. These equations describe how the vortex and potential electromagnetic processes. This approach corresponds to the Helmholtz theorem and allows you to build a complete and consistent theory of the electromagnetic field.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2017 Progress in Electromagnetics Research Symposium - Spring, PIERS 2017
EditorsWeng Cho Chew, Sailing He, Sailing He
PublisherElectromagnetics Academy
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9781509062690
Publication statusPublished - 22 May 2017
Event2017 Progress In Electromagnetics Research Symposium - Spring, PIERS 2017 - St. Petersburg, Russian Federation
Duration: 22 May 201725 May 2017


Conference2017 Progress In Electromagnetics Research Symposium - Spring, PIERS 2017
CountryRussian Federation
CitySt. Petersburg

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

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