Foundations of the Theory of Additional Complication in the Earth’s Biosphere

S. L. Shvartsev

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Abstract: The problem of the evolution of the surrounding world is one of the most important issues for science in general and has been exercising the minds of scientists over several thousand years. In the opinion of the author of this article, one of the reasons is that science has not disclosed thus far the constructive function of water in the formation of the Earth’s external envelopes, which was determined by its antagonistic contradiction with basalts and, later, simple products of photosynthesis. Nonequilibrium is the main factor of all evolutionary processes, which ensures the creation of new environmentally equilibrium formations, including more complex ones. However, the water cycle, which determines the ingress of new portions of water into the system, continuously, violating equilibrium, produces additional complications, leading to the acceleration of the evolution of V.I. Vernadsky’s “water‒rock‒gas‒organic matter (living and nonliving)” system. Water provides for unity in the behavior of inert and living matter.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)379-387
Number of pages9
JournalHerald of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2019


  • additional complication
  • antagonistic contradiction
  • equilibrium‒nonequilibrium state
  • evolution
  • formation of complexities
  • photosynthesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cultural Studies
  • Political Science and International Relations

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Foundations of the Theory of Additional Complication in the Earth’s Biosphere'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this