First beam test of a liquid Cherenkov detector prototype for a future TOF measurements at the Super-FRS

Natalia Kuzminchuk-Feuerstein, Nadine Ferber, E. I. Rozhkova, Ingo Kaufeld, Bernd Voss

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    1 Citation (Scopus)


    In order to separate and identify fragmentation products with the Super-Fragment Separator (SuperFRS) at FAIR a high resolving power detector system is required for position and Time-Of-Flight (TOF) measurements. The TOF detector is used to measure the velocity of the particles and hence, in conjunction with their momentum or energy, to determine their mass and hence their identity. Aiming to develop a system with a precision down to about 50 ps in time and resistant to a high radiation rate of relativistic heavy ions of up to 107 per spill (at the second focal plane), we have shown a conceptual design for a Cherenkov detector envisioned for the future TOF measurements employing Iodine Naphthalene (C10H7I) as a fluid radiator. The application of a liquid radiator allows the circulation of the active material and therefore to greatly reduce the effects of the degradation of the optical performance expected after exposure to the high ion rates at the Super-FRS. The prototype of a TOF-Cherenkov detector was designed, constructed and its key-properties have been investigated in measurements with heavy ions at CaveC at GSI. These measurements were performed with nickel ions at 300–1500 MeV/u and ion-beam intensities of up to 4×106 ions/spill of 8 s. As a first result a maximum detection efficiency of 70% and a timing resolution of 267 ps (σ) was achieved. We report the first attempt of time measurements with a Cherenkov detector based on a liquid radiator. Further optimization is required.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)207-212
    Number of pages6
    JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
    Publication statusPublished - 11 Sep 2017


    • Cherenkov detector
    • Detection efficiency
    • Heavy ions
    • Super-FRS
    • Time-of-Flight detector
    • Timing accuracy

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
    • Instrumentation

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