Ferrimagnetic Iron Sulfide Formation and Methane Venting Across the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum in Shallow Marine Sediments, Ancient West Siberian Sea

Maxim Rudmin, Andrew P. Roberts, Chorng Shern Horng, Aleksey Mazurov, Olesya Savinova, Aleksey Ruban, Roman Kashapov, Maxim Veklich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Authigenesis of ferrimagnetic iron sulfide minerals (greigite and monoclinic pyrrhotite) occurred across the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum (PETM) within the Bakchar oolitic ironstone in southeastern Western Siberia. Co-occurrence of these minerals is associated with diagenetic environments that support anaerobic oxidation of methane, which has been validated by methane fluid inclusion analysis in the studied sediments. In modern settings, such ferrimagnetic iron sulfide formation is linked to upward methane diffusion in the presence of minor dissolved sulfide ions. The PETM was the most extreme Cenozoic global warming event and massive methane mobilization has been proposed as a major contributor to the globally observed warming and carbon isotope excursion associated with the PETM. The studied sediments provide rare direct evidence for methane mobilization during the PETM. Magnetic iron sulfide formation associated with methanogenesis in the studied sediments can be explained by enhanced local carbon burial across the PETM. While there is no strong evidence to link local methane venting with more widespread methane mobilization and global warming, the magnetic, petrographic, and geochemical approach used here is applicable to identifying authigenic minerals that provide telltale signatures of methane mobility that can be used to assess methane formation and mobilization through the PETM and other hyperthermal climatic events.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21-42
Number of pages22
JournalGeochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2018

Keywords

  • anaerobic oxidation of methane
  • Bakchar deposit
  • diagenesis
  • Eocene
  • greigite
  • methane
  • Paleocene
  • PETM
  • pyrrhotite
  • siderite
  • sulfate reduction
  • Western Siberia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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