Remote detection of hydrogen, without the utilization of electronic component or elevated temperature, is one of the hot topics in the hydrogen technology and safety. In this work, the design and realization of the optical fiber-based hydrogen sensor with unique characteristics are proposed. The proposed sensor is based on the gold-coated multimode fiber, providing the plasmon properties, decorated by the IRMOF-20 layer with high selectivity and affinity toward hydrogen. The IRMOF-20 layer was grown by a surface-assisted technique, and its formation and properties were studied using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Raman, X-ray diffraction, and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller techniques. Simultaneous ellipsometry results indicate the apparent changes of the refractive index of the IRMOF-20 layer due to hydrogen sorption. As results, the presence of hydrogen led to the pronounced changes of plasmon band wavelength position as well as its intensity increase. The proposed hydrogen sensors were favorably distinguished by a high response/recovery rate, excellent selectivity toward the hydrogen, very low temperature dependency, functionality at room or lower temperature, insensitivity toward the humidity, and the presence of CO2, CO, or NO2. Additionally, the proposed hydrogen sensor showed good reversibility, reproducibility, and long-term stability.
- hydrogen detection
- metal-organic framework
- optical fiber
- surface grafting
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Process Chemistry and Technology
- Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes